Sociology's objects of study are "social facts". These are phenomena that are not reducible to any individual, but exist outside of individual, yet constitute the individual. To observe this Sociology either takes a more positivistic epistemology seen in quantitative data driven studies. Durkheim did this when studying suicide. The other approach is the interpretive epistemology seen in ethnography. This is at times indistinguishable from Anthropology.
Both of these approaches, what Latour calls Sociology of the Social, makes certain claims about agency, power, and actors. He is problematizing these claims in the first few chapters.
I don't want to go on and on here. Not sure how much help it would be. Feel free to ask a more specific question and I'll try to get to it today, if not we can start with it tomorrow.
See the file I added under the "More" tab for this meetup. it is a short piece on what is a social fact by Durkheim.
0 · October 7