Re: [Interstellar-Travel-100-Year-Starship] The Myth of the Flat Earth

From: Edythe W.
Sent on: Sunday, June 30, 2013 10:42 PM

I like Wikipedia...for this very reason.

On Jun 30,[masked]:15 PM, "David" <[address removed]> wrote:
Not that Wikipedia is the best source for anything, but this one has citations:

"The myth of the Flat Earth is the modern misconception that the
prevailing cosmological view during the Middle Ages saw the Earth as
flat, instead of spherical.[1] The idea seems to have been widespread
during the first half of the 20th century, so that the Members of the
Historical Association in 1945 stated that:

'The idea that educated men at the time of Columbus believed that the
earth was flat, and that this belief was one of the obstacles to be
overcome by Columbus before he could get his project sanctioned,
remains one of the hardiest errors in teaching.'[2]

During the early Middle Ages, virtually all scholars maintained the
spherical viewpoint first expressed by the Ancient Greeks. From at
least the 14th century, belief in a flat earth among the educated was
nearly nonexistent, in spite of fanciful depictions in art, such as
the exterior of Hieronymus Bosch's famous triptych The Garden of
Earthly Delights, in which a disc-shaped earth is shown floating
inside a transparent sphere.[3]

According to Stephen Jay Gould, 'there never was a period of "flat
earth darkness" among scholars (regardless of how the public at large
may have conceptualized our planet both then and now). Greek knowledge
of sphericity never faded, and all major medieval scholars accepted
the earth's roundness as an established fact of cosmology.'[4]
Historians of science David Lindberg and Ronald Numbers point out that
'there was scarcely a Christian scholar of the Middle Ages who did not
acknowledge [Earth's] sphericity and even know its approximate
circumference'.[5]"


On 6/30/13, Edythe Weeks <[address removed]> wrote:
> I think it is important to remember that people once tended to believe our
> world was flat.



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