How To Choose a President
Do the current candidates use the Constitution as
We all should know that the occupied nation known as the
Confederate States of America has been governed by the de facto government
of the United States under their Constitution since 1865. This calls for a
presidential election every four years. 2012 is obviously such a
year. We hear the candidates;
we eagerly watch the debates; we listen attentively to the media and their
mostly biased pundits.
And since many of us will be allowed to cast a vote for
an elector supporting a particular candidate for their President, it may
be educational at this time to lay out the job description for the
According to the U.S. Constitution, the successful
nominee shall "swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office
of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability,
preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United
Now, using the wording contained in the document, let's
simply break down just what that entails.
- Every order, resolution, or vote to which the
concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary
and every bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and
the Senate, shall, before it become a law, be presented to the President
of the United States; if he approve he shall sign it, but if not he
shall return it, with his objections to that House in which it shall
- The President shall be commander in chief of the Army
and Navy of the United States, and of the militia of the several states,
when called into the actual service of the United States.
- He shall have power, by and with the advice and
consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two thirds of the
Senators present concur.
- He shall nominate, and by and with the advice and
consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public ministers
and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officers of the
United States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for.
- The President shall have power to fill up all
vacancies that may happen during the recess of the Senate, by granting
commissions, which shall expire at the end of their next session.
- He shall from time to time give to the Congress
information of the state of the union, and recommend to their
consideration such measures, as he shall judge necessary and expedient.
- He may, on extraordinary occasions, convene either
Houses, or either of them.
He shall receive ambassadors and other
- He shall take care that the laws be faithfully
executed, and shall commission all the officers of the United States.
Read and study the details for yourself here
Note that although it is his duty to recommend to the
Congress measures he shall judge necessary and expedient and with all
presidents, there is certainly no shortage in this area only Congress
may legislate on these matters, and then, only within its constitutional
The first and only paragraph of the very first
section of the very first article of the United States Constitution
declares, All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a
Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House
To sum it up, the
learned statesmen and Founding Fathers who drafted the original
Constitution never intended the presidency to be a powerful office
spawning "great men." Article II, Sections 2-4, and a part of Article I,
Section 7 that enumerate the powers of the president as shown above,
comprise but six paragraphs, most of which deal with appointments and
In addition, fearing a usurpation of powers not granted,
the Constitution was amended to include this paragraph: "The powers not
delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it
to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the
The president is to act as commander in chief of the
army and navy, but Congress alone can commit the nation to war, that is,
"declare war." The president is to "take care that the laws be faithfully
executed," but as previously stated, only Congress can enact laws, and
then only within the scope of its limited, enumerated powers. Those
powers, however, call for another story at another time.
The President may veto bills and appoint judges -
important powers to consider in determining one's vote to be sure.
Nevertheless, considering the overall picture, the presidency was intended
to be a largely ceremonial position whose occupant would confine himself
to making appointments and enforcing federal laws.
It must be said to those who cry for reform, that
although this Constitution has been in effect for over 220 years, little
thought or respect has been given it by those who seek to lead the people
and represent the states of this Union. Over time, abruptly during Abraham
Lincoln's presidency and progressively during the twentieth century and
into the twenty-first, presidents have seized more and more power. They
promise to increase or reduce taxes, provide or retain benefits or other
such considerations, all for selected citizens or residents of their
choice or even foreigners. Presidents now rule, not govern, through
Cabinet Departments, High Level political Czars and Executive Orders.
And because of an inadequately educated populace, the people react to
assumed powers employed for his personal benefit rather
than leagaly delegated ones when polled or questioned on a chief
executives job performance and of course, the questions asked rarely,
if ever, mention the office holders constitutional
Take a deep breath, relax and consider this fact
supported by the evidence:
Reform is NOT Possible. It is time
for a fresh start.
Lincoln Inflicts Kingly
his book, "The Lost Art of Declaring War" (1998), Brien Hallett makes the
following observations in regard to the framing of the constitution for
the United States of America.
Another popular and traditional way in which the dispute [over
war-making powers] has been rendered since 1789 is to try to divine the
original intentions entertained by the Constitutions framers. Although
the intentions of the members of the Federal Convention were many and
mixed, there is general agreement that their primary intention was to
avoid placing too much power in the hands of one person. This point was
perhaps best captured by Abraham Lincoln in a letter dated 15 February
1848 to his law partner, William H. Herndon:
The provision of the Constitution giving the war-making power to
Congress was dictated, as I understand it, by the following reasons: Kings
had always been involving and impoverishing their people in wars,
pretending generally, if not always, that the good of the people was the
This our convention understood to be the most oppressive of
all kingly oppressions, and they had resolved to so frame the Constitution
so that no one man should hold the power of bringing this oppression upon
great irony of Representative Lincolns critique of Commander-in-Chief
James Polks war against Mexico is that, thirteen years later, after he
had become commander-in-chief in his turn, Lincoln would himself inflict
this most oppressive of kingly oppressions upon the United States. The
Civil War is not only Americas largest undeclared war but also its most
costly war in terms of casualties suffered.
Lincolns letter is also of great interest because James Wilson, a
delegate to the Federal Convention from Pennsylvania, had previously used
strikingly similar language in the Pennsylvania ratifying convention:
This [new] system will not hurry us into war; it is calculated to guard
against it. It will not be in
the power of a single man, or a single body of men, to involve us in such
distress; for the important power of declaring war is vested in the
legislature at large
Founders rightly gave war-making powers only to the representatives of the
States -- which had to supply the troops -- in Congress assembled.
Lincolns predecessor in office, James Buchanan, clearly recognized his
dilemma as South Carolina and other States departed the federated Union
he had no authority to make war on anyone without the consent of Congress,
and especially against people of his own country.
Lincoln, who seemed to frequently display a short memory,
demonstrated no such scruples.
Thanks to Bernhard Thuersam of North Carolina for the
Thoughts on the Meaning of
error is in the assumption that the General Government is a party to the
constitutional compact. The States
formed the compact, acting as
sovereign and independent communities.
C. Calhoun of South Carolina
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Robert E. Lee, General CSA
AUGUST 3 1763 Spain transfers title to
Florida to Britain in exchange for the return of the City of Havana, Cuba,
which had been captured when Spain allied itself with France in the French
and Indian War. Britain controlled Florida from 1763 until 1783, when it
again became a Spanish possession at the end of the American
1842 The Armed Occupation Act was passed by
Congress. Each settler who would settle and cultivate five acres or
more of land in eastern and southern Florida for a period of five years
would receive 160 acres of land and one year's rations from the Federal
government. Settlers were expected also to provide militia service,
if needed, to control the activities of the warring Seminole
Indians. This was the prelude to the official declaration of the end
of the Second Seminole War on August 14, 1842.
1868 Present State Seal of Florida
AUGUST 12 1822 Duval County, Florida's fourth
county, was created on this date. The county is named for William Pope
Duval (1784-1854) , Territorial governor of Florida from
AUGUST 14 1888 Because of a yellow fever epidemic
in Jacksonville, many residents of the area fled by train to Atlanta. Fear
that that the epidemic would spread to Atlanta led city officials to
require that every incoming passenger train be inspected by a doctor.
Fortunately, none of the refugees fleeing to Atlanta ever caught the
AUGUST 20 1864 The first edition of the Union, a
predecessor of the Florida Times-Union, was originally published as a "war
AUGUST 24 1992 Between 4:00 and 5:00 a.m., Hurricane
Andrew struck South Florida with winds of 145 mph. Some gusts of 164 to
175 mph were recorded. As it made its way across the state, the wind
velocity dropped to 125 mph, but soon elevated to 145 mph when the storm
entered the Gulf of Mexico.
Andrew exacted a heavy toll in human life (more than 40 persons)
and in physical damage. The damages inflicted by this great storm totaled
more than $25 billion, with the agricultural sector sustaining more than
$1.05 billion alone. Some 12.7 million cubic yards of debris were
eventually cleared from the hurricane area. Homestead Air Force Base was
demolished, approximately 920 vessels were destroyed, and the Turkey Point
Nuclear Facility sustained damages near $100 million.
Let us leave in peace
Are you fed up
with federal encroachment, regulation and theft that have caused your
liberty to evaporate? Enough
is enough! Reform is NOT
Read Florida As Its Own Nation and then tell the Legislature that Floridians have the right to
(Petition is available to legal citizens of Florida
What high-ranking United States government official in recent times
made the following admission?
cannot swallow whole the view of Lincoln as the Great Emancipator. Anyone
who actually reads the Emancipation Proclamation knows it was more a
military document than a clarion call for justice.
Email your answer
to [address removed]
correct answer will win a Florida State Flag, suitable for outdoor
display of your patriotism.
Answer to last
1776, there were 18 British territories in North America. Only thirteen
declared independence from Britain and formed the united States of
America. Of the five remaining, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia,
Prince Edward Isle and Quebec did not join this union and later became
part of what is now Canada. Name the remaining colony that did not
emancipate itself and continued under British rule.
(East and West) continued to be held by the British at the time of the
Congratulations to Michael Joiner of Orlando, Florida who had
the first correct answer
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