Can any sort of philosophical engagement make a claim to the title of "first philosophy"? What would "first" mean in that case? (For that matter: what would be "second" or "third" philosophy?) Does this phrase still have any legitimacy?
Historically, of course, the position one took on "first philosophy" provided a good indication as to one's entire philosophical orientation. For Aristotle, the first philosophy (prōtē philosophia) was the study of entities as entities and particularly of ousia akinētos, "unchanging presence." For Thomas Aquinas (reading Aristotle) first philosophy (philosophia prima) was rather the consideration of primae rerum causae, "the first causes of things." For Descartes it had to be the search for absolutely certain knowledge. For Husserl it was phenomenology, the science of essences as intuitively given. Kant, Wittgenstein, and Heidegger never made much use of the phrase, but they might have said it was "critique of reason," "elucidation of language," and "fundamental ontology" respectively.
So what is "first philosophy" for us, if anything??
Let's get together and hash it out!! We won't read any particular text for this meetup, but you're welcome (and even expected) to drag in all of the above and more. This one is all about getting clear on philosophical fundamentals - come to play, people!