This text is available online and articulates much of Dewey's "instrumentalist" challenge to received ways of doing philosophy.
Before he was eclipsed by the Logical Positivists in the 1930s, Dewey reigned as the most influential philosopher in the US. Still famous today for his philosophy of education, Dewey has also inspired the post-1960s movement of Neopragmatism, which centers on a critique of "correspondence to reality" as the criterion of truth.
Dewey's critique of classical epistemology works partly by exposing points of conceptual incoherence and partly by genealogizing the overall mindset - for instance, rooting it in religious concerns about psychic immortality - so as to make plain its optional and culturally contingent character.
For Dewey, being intelligent does not mean reproducing an external world in an internal theater: it means reshaping the world so as to attain goals and maximize the availability of the various things that we consider good.