Plato's Charmides is a beautiful early dialogue touching on deep platonic themes hidden amidst Socrates' natural way of questioning.
Is temperance self-knowledge? But in order to be truly self-knowing, knowledge must also know what it does not know. For this we’d need some sort of knowledge of knowledge.
But is this "knowledge of knowledge" possible? Even if so, would it be of any use?
After suggesting that this ideal of self-knowledge at least helps frame or guide further learning, Socrates recounts a "dream" in which the perfect state is ruled by wisdom (knowledge of knowledge)—the problem is that he cannot convince himself that everyone would really be happy.
Questions looming: What is the good (use) of self-knowledge? Is there a science of the Good? (writer's note: My own sense is that these two questions point to Kant and Leibniz, respectively, but I'll want to ask what you all think about that.)
Please read in advance. We will discuss together.