We kicked off the year with a wonderful chug of Leibniz's high-octane reasoning drink, the Monadology. Today we'll take a twoderful chug, starting at paragraph 29 or so. This is where it falls apart for many people, which is a good hint that it actually comes together for the careful reader.
The world as an infinite array of non-spatial perspectives? No problem. Something modeled on desire as the only natural cause of our changing perceptions? Peanuts. But then Leibniz pulls the cosmological argument, and we may wonder whether he is pandering or losing his nerve. What does God have to do with any of this, particularly the Christian God?
Were he freer in speaking his mind than was prudent in 1714, Leibniz might well say: like everything else people find deeply interesting, the Christian God cannot possibly be unreal. We should maintain His reality by modifying the meaning of "God" in any way we can rationally stand, while retaining some kind of recognizable coherence with traditional doctrines.
Rejecting nothing means working those gears hard.