From Wikipedia: The Sound and the Fury is a novel written by the American author William Faulkner. It employs a number of narrative styles, including the technique known as stream of consciousness, pioneered by 20th century European novelists such as James Joyce and Virginia Woolf. Published in 1929, The Sound and the Fury was Faulkner's fourth novel, and was not immediately successful. In 1931, however, when Faulkner's sixth novel, Sanctuary, was published a sensationalist story which Faulkner later claimed was written only for money The Sound and the Fury also became commercially successful, and Faulkner began to receive critical attention. Hemingway Connection: Faulkner is significant in his own right because of the place he holds in American Literary History; he is significant in the Hemingway universe due to the competition both writers felt toward one another. Hemingway is reported to have driven to Faulkner's hometown to meet the writer, only to find he was in Paris at a conference.