The Friday 13th - superstition has its roots in Freemasonic history.
On Friday, October 13, 1307, French king Philip IV le Bel (April���June
1268 ��� 29 November 1314), ordered the arrest of the Grand Master of the
Order of Knight Templars Jacques de Molay and scores of other French
After being bullied by king Philip, Pope Clement then issued the papal
bull Pastoralis Praeeminentiae on November 22, 1307, which instructed
all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all Templars and seize their
Arrested Knight Templars were accused of heresy and confession under
torture was obtained from them. Though later they repudiated the
confessions obtained from them under duress, they were sentenced to
death and executed.
Historians largely believe that the real reason for the dissolution of
the order and the arrest and execution of many high rank Knight
Templars was that king Philip IV le Bel has borrowed huge amounts of
money from the order which he was not able to repay.
He also was in a great need for cash and for this reason had great
appetite for the riches of the order, that at that time was greater
then the riches of any king in the world.
However from the estimated around 25,000 members of the order prior
year 1307, the authorities managed to arrest only 620 in France and the
total of arrested and executed Knight Templars throughout Europe was
not greater then 1,200.
King Philip besides sparing himself the repayment of his loans taken
from the Knight Templars, gained very little because he never found
Most of the other European monarchs either didn���t tried the Knights
Templars or found them not guilty.
In some places like Portugal they just changed their name to Order of
By the Papal decree, the property of the Templars was transferred to
the Order of Hospitallers, which also absorbed many of the Templars'
Some historians believe that surviving Knight Templars founded the
modern Swiss cantons.
There are some evidences that the surviving Knight Templar found
shelter in the Scotland and the Scandinavian countries all way to Nova
Since the early 1700 century some Freemasonic entities claim also their
roots in the Order of Knight Templars.
The Knights Templar organization exists either independently or as a
part of the York Rite throughout much of the world. The Sovereign
Military Order of the Temple of Jerusalem, founded in 1804, has
achieved United Nations NGO status as a charitable organization.
Knight Templar Mason help others who are less fortunate through many
charitable initiative like Knights Templar Eye Foundation
To these days the lost treasures of the Order of Knight Templars burn
the minds of treasure hunters. One of the lost relics of the Order ���
The Shroud of Turin http://en.wikiped...
re-appeared only 40 years after the destruction of the Order.
Two weeks ago on July 28, 2010 on a small island Sveti Ivan (St. John)
in the Black See archeologist dig an alabaster reliquary inscribed to
contain relics from John the Baptist.
Knight Templars were known to posses��� relics from John the Baptist. A
monastery on the island is known to be part of the Knight Templars
network sheltering pilgrim on their way to the Holy Land.
CNN-Are these the bones of John the Baptist?
BBC- Remains of St John the Baptist 'found'
In the same monastery archeologist found also two burials of young
military men who must have died at the time the Knight Templar Order
Were they the Knight Templars who brought the relics of St. John the
Baptist to this remote island? Shortly after the knights died and most
probably the reliquary was buried that part of the world fell under the
control of the Ottoman Empire and remain of limits until 1995.
What of the treasures of the Knight Templars are going to show up next
- The Holy Grail, the Ark of the Covenant, or just plain gold coins and
jewelry that were carried out in 28 heavily loaded wagons from the
treasury of the La Tour du Temple, Templars headquarter in Paris
several days before that fateful Friday on October 13, 1307, or on the
17 Templars ships that sailed off the port of La Rochelle on October