Hyderabad City was Founded in the year 1591 by fifth Qutb Shahi Ruler Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah. After India's Independence the Hyderabad State was brought into the Indian Union in 1948. Hyderabad became the capital of Andra Pradesh in 1956. Hyderabad has a population of over 9.0 million, It is well known for its 400 years of rich history, culture and architecture. It is known as the City of Pearls and the City of Nizams. Recently, it has emerged as a modern hub of Information Technology, ITES and Biotechnology industries. The city has been classified as an A-1 city in terms of development priorities, due to its size, population and impact.
The city is home to the world's largest film studio, the Ramoji Film City as well as the third largest film industry in the country, the Telugu Film Industry known popularly as Tollywood. It is also a sporting destination with many national and international games conducted here, and is the home of the Deccan Chargers. The people here are called Hyderabadis. The city is regarded as a blend of traditionality with modernity.
The contemporary world sees this city as a blend of unique cultures with a touch of modern lifestyle. In general, Hyderabadi people are regarded as very friendly and hospitable. They take immense pleasure and pride in conversing in their local, characteristic and vibrant Hyderabadi language, which is a mix of Urdu, Hindi, and Telugu.
Facts About Hyderabad
Area: 217 Sq Km
Altitude: 536 Meters
Climate: Tropical Wet and Dry
Summer: Max 40 C and Min 22 C
Winter: Max 22C and Min 12C
Rainfall: 89cm (June to Sept)
Best Season: June to February
Attractions: Char Minar, Golconda Fort, Qutbshahi Tomb, Mecca Masjid, Osmania University and HITEC City
Languages Spoken: Urdu, Hindi, Telugu and English
Airport: Shamshabad, 35 Km from nampally.
The Charminar is situated in the southern sector of Hyderabad city and south of the Musi river in the center of the erstwhile walled city. The walls do not exist any more, barring ruins and small stretches at a few palaces. It was declared a protected monument in 1886. This eloquent structure is the most important landmark of the city.
In Hyderabad, the place to go whenever a visitor needs to buy something that is uniquely Hyderabadi is, without a doubt, Laad Bazaar. The name is most probably derived from the word “laad” which means lacquer, the main material used to make one of their most popular items, the bangles. The market is located along one of the four main roads that shoot out from another historic tourist attraction, Charminar, and it is very old, becoming popular across the ages for selling bangles and other uniquely Indian stuff. In fact, any visit to Andhra Pradesh and Hyderabad is considered incomplete unless this market is visited.
The Golconda Fort is situated in the western sector of Hyderabad city, about 8.5 Kms from the Hussain Sagar Lake. The outer fort consists of three square kilometers area and is 4.8 kilometres in length encircling an old settlement. Originally known as Mankal, Goloconda was built on a hill in 1143. It was a mud fort under the control of the Rajah of Warangal. Later this fort was strengthened and enlarged during the 14th and 17th centuries by the Bahmani Sultans and the Qutb Shahi dynasty. Golconda was the capital of the Qutb Shahi kings. The inner fort has ruins of palaces, mosques, a hill top pavilion rising about 130 meters high from the surroundings and several other public buildings. The outer fort has two state protected monuments.
Qutub Shahi Tombs (7 Tombs)
The tombs are made of black granite or green stone with a shape of square or octagonal base. Its dome is in onion shape and arches are with fine sculptures. The road from Golconda fort goes to the north has the tomb of Abdullah Qutb Shah (1626 - 1672). The tombs of Abul Hasan Tana Qutb Shahi(1672 - 1687), Princess Hayat Baksh Begum (died on 1677), Muhammad Qutb Shah (1612-1626) and Pemamati, one of the mistresses of Muhammad Qutb Shah are also situated near to the tomb of Abdullah Qutb Shah.
Near Gandipet Lake, in Hyderabad, there stands a structure that is a king’s ode to one of his favourite subjects. The story goes that the seventh sultan of Golconda, Abdullah Qutub Shah, had two ravishing dancing girls and courtesans, Taramati and Premamati, who would often dance on ropes tied between their pavilion and the sultan’s balcony. Among the two, Abdullah Qutub Shah’s favorite was Taramati, much like how his grandfather, the founder of Hyderabad, had Bhagmati as his favored courtesan.
Hayat Bakshi Begums Mosque
This mosque is located at Hayatnagar, east of Hyderabad after Autonagar along the Vijayawada national highway. Hayat Bakshi Begum was the mother of Sultan Abdullah Qutb Shah. It is a fairly large mosque with façade of five arches. The mosque was constructed during the reign of Abdullah Qutb Shah between 1672-1672. It has a large Caravan Sarai around a 150 m x 130 m vast courtyard.There is also a very large structure known as Hathi Bauli on the north-east of the mosque.
Main Mishk Masjid
Situated close to Purana Pul, this Masjid is one of the most interesting mosques within the city. Massive yet delicate, like all the Qutb Shahi mosques, it stands at one end of a squarish country in an atmosphere of peace. Built in 1678, this mosque bears the name of its builderm Malik Miyan Mishk, an Abyssinian slave of Abul Hasan Tana Shah. Malik Mishk held the office of Secreatry, Commander and Keeper of the Royal Key.
The Mecca Masjid is placed immediately to the south-west of Charminar on th road to Shalibanda. The works on this mosque commenced in 1614 by Sultan Muhammad Qutb Shah (the sixth Qutb Shahi ruler) and was completed by Aurangazeb in 1693. Built in local granite, it is one of the largest mosques in India and the principal one of the city. The arched gallery, which is a later addition at the south end of the mosque, consists the tombs of all the Nizams from 1803. This mosque can easily accommodate 10,000 people at a time.
This mosque is situated in Mushirabad locality, north of Chikkadapally. Built by Abdullah Qutb Shah (1626-1672 AD) in a small village of the Qutb Shahi period, it has a façade of five arches with two lofty minarets.
One of the largest private collections in the World. Situated at Afzal Ganj, the museum has a collection of more than 43,000 art objects and 50,000 books in the 38 rooms spread over three floors of the building. Open timing:10 to 7pm. Closed on Sundays and public holidays.
It is believed that the Falaknuma palace was gifted to the sixth Nizam of Hyderabad, Mehboob Ali Khan by the generous Nawab. The palace was constructed over a period of seven years and it covers a total area of 9,39,712 square meters. The Falaknuma palace is a rare blend of Italian and Tudor architecture. The palace is laid out in the shape of a scorpion with two stings spread out as wings on the north.
King Kothi Palace
King Kothi Palace, a sprawling complex of mixed architectural style that was the home of the seventh Nizam, Osman Ali Khan, otherwise known as Asaf Jah VII. The complex is located in Hyderabad, and like most of the palaces and buildings built by the prolific Nizams during their glorious reign, it has a hint of fusion between European traditions with Islamic and Hindu motifs and architecture. The result is one that is uniquely Hyderabadi, and is aesthetically pleasing to lovers of both architectural styles
If something has the distinction of being the center of a rich, historically established city, then chances are high that that something is breathtaking and grand. Such is the case of the magnificent Chowmahalla Palace, the former seat of the Asaf Jahi dynasty and where the Nizams used to entertain their royal visitors and high-ranking guests. Built more than 200 years ago, in the 18th century, the Chowmahalla Palace has long been known for its unique style and elegance. “Chow” means four in Urdu and “Mahalat”, the plural of “Mahalel” means palaces. Literally, the name means “Four Palaces”.
AP State Museum
A visit to the Andhra Pradesh State Museum is a delight for art lovers. Located in the picturesque Public Gardens, the museum boasts of one of the richest repositories of antiques and art objects in the country. Built in 1928 by the Nizam VII, the museum building itself is a fine example of Indo-Saracenic architecture. The museum contairns a Buddhist gallery, Bahmanical & Jain gallery, Bronze gallery, Arms & Armour gallery, Numismatics gallery, Ajanta gallery and more. Adjacent to the State Museum is the Contemporary Art Museum.
Asman Garh Palace
The palace was designed and built by Sir Osman Jah, a noble belonging to the Paigah family and one time Prime Minister of Hyderabad State. The granite turrets and arched windows of Asman Garh stand atop a hill some distance ahead of the Hyderabad TV tower. The palace now houses an archaeological museum.
This The Nizamiya Observatory is situated at Punjagutta. It was considered as one of the best observatories of the country. The 'Astrolab' was presented by Nawab Zafar Jung, a noble of the Paigah. The observatory was established in 1908. It has historical and architectural importance.
AP Legislative Assembly
Built in 1913, the building was originally the Hyderabad State Town hall. The architecture is a synthesis of Rajasthani and Persian styles, with an all white, aesthetic look. Located adjoining the picturesque Public Gardens, a massive statue of Mahatma Gandhi in a sitting posture is erected at the entrance park to the Assembly.
Located in the stately Purani Haveli, the palace acquired around the year 1750 by the second Nizam is now converted into a museum with a fascinating collection. The museum showcases the gifts and mementos presented to the last Nizam on the occasion of the silver jubilee celebrations in 1936. A 1930 Rolls Royce, Packard and a Mark V Jaguar are among the vintage cars displayed. There is an interesting collection of models made in silver of all the prominent buildings of the city and citations in Urdu about H.E.H. Mir Osman Ali Khan, gold burnished wooden throne used for the silver jubilee celebrations, gold tiffin box inlaid with diamonds, gold model of Jubilee Pavilion, silver coffee cups studded with diamonds and silver filigree elephant with mahout are some of the notable items on display.
It is situated in Malakpet near Osmanagar Palace, on the top of a small hill rising to a height of 100 feet from the ground. A gallant French General, Raymond was known as Michel Joachin Marie Raymond. He was employed by the Nizam to completely reorganise his armed forces. He was born in France on 25th September, 1755 AD but died at Hyderabad on March 25, 1798 AD at the young age of 43.
Established in 1918, it is one of the oldest universities in India. Named after Nizam Mir Osman Ali Khan, the university buildings are splendid, especially the Arts College building which is a perfect example of Indo-Saracenic architecture.
Parks and Lakes
Located ahead of the Bolarum cantonment on the Karimnagar Highway, Shamirpet is nearly 25 kms away from Secunderabad. It’s famous for its lake and its Deer Park. Drive to the lake at around 4.30am and the ambience is sure to touch your soul deep within. Away from the buzz of the city, the chirping of the birds, the path leading to the lake and the park rejuvenate your spirits.
A major attraction on the Tank Bund Road is the Lumbini Park. It has all the basic / essential requirements to lure the kids. It has eat-out joints, boating facilities and enough space for the children to jump around. The musical fountain with two shows per day (7.15pm and 8pm), is an added advantage and entices more visitors and tourists.
A leisure and entertainment centre adjoining the Hussainsagar lake, the NTR Gardens house a memorial (Samadhi) of Late N.T. Rama Rao, one of the most charismatic Chief Ministers of Andhra Pradesh. The sprawling NTR Gardens, set up in an area of 36 acres, offer a serene atmosphere and yet provide recreation facilities such as a Machan tree, Japanese Garden, Car Cafe, Souvenir shops, Fruit Restaurant and Children's Playing area. A monorail system takes the visitors around the garden.
Public Garden was developed in the region of Nawab Mir Mahaboob Ali Khan Asif Jah-VI. Many changes took place during the region of H.E.H. the Nizam Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan Asif Jah-VII. The Public Garden is open to the public free of charge and it is used as a recreation place by the citizens of the district. The important placesin the public garden are Health Museum, Ajanta Pavilian and Archeological Museum. The Assembly Building is also located in the Public Garden. There is also Jawahar Bal Bhavan and Auditorium at this place.
Mir alam tank
Adjacent to the Nehru Zoological Park is the Mir Alam Tank. A pathway through the park leads to the tank. Located 16 kms away from the airport, Mir Alam Tank was once the city's water source. It was named after its builder, Mir Alam, who was the Prime Minister of Hyderabad from 1804 - 1808. This tank is an interesting piece of engineering skills with a mile-long bund formed by 21 arches.
Hussain Sagar / Tank Bund
Dr C Narayana Reddy’s words aptly illustrate the charm that the Hussain Sagar holds. The truth of his statement can be understood only by taking a stroll across the Tank Bund on a pleasant evening. Cool drifts smoothly caress your temples welcoming you to the place. Thirty-three elegant statues of eminent historic personalities overlooking the water body greet you warmly. The Tank Bund, the dam to the Hussain Sagar and the link between the twin cities, was built by Hazrat Hussain Shah, and is and has always been a major tourist attraction. Adding to its charm is the monolithic statue of the Buddha installed in the heart of the lake.
Gandipet, Osman Sagar
Whether it is summer or winter, the one place that is crowded with streaming visitors is Osmansagar, popularly known as Gandipet. It is a beautiful lake located 20 km. west of Hyderabad. Mir Osman Ali Khan formed this water body as a result of damming of the river Musi in 1920. The idea was to supply water to Hyderabad. The lake is spread over an area of 46 sq.km. and is the main drinking water for the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad.
Gandipet is the most sought after picnic spot for Hyderabadis. It has been developed as a public recreation area with well-laid out lush green gardens and swimming pool. Throughout the year - weekdays or weekends - Gandipet beckons holidaymakers from every nook and corner of the twin cities.
located in the vicinity of Madhapur — is a lake surrounded by huge rocks, popularly known as the Hyderabad rocks and dating back a few centuries. The place provides the visitors with pedal boating facilities before the sunset, organized by the APTDC. Don’t forget to take a dekko at the Hi-Tech City on the way!
The first Botanical Gardens in Andhra Pradesh, spread over 120 acres, when completed will have 19 sections (Vanams). Already open to public is the first phase, with the completion of 5 sections. The sections include medicinal plants, timber trees, fruit trees, ornamental plants, aquatic plants, bamboos and so on. The Park has been designed to have large water bodies, rolling meadows, natural forests, rich grasslands and exquisite rock formations - all providing visitors an unforgettable experience.
Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali National Park
The park is located at Vanasthalipuram, at a distance of 20 km from the city and originally the area was under the Nizam. The park was established in 1977. The flora is of dry scrub jungle with grass lands. Major plant species found here are Neem, Butea (Flame of the forest), Acacias, Bauhinias etc. apart from a variety of thorny scrub species. The park is famous for the endangered Black Buck, the state animal of Andhra Pradesh. Tourist facilities There are sheds for rest and observation towers for viewing the animals. A van is provided to take the visitors inside the park to see the animals from close quarters.
Nehru Zoological Park
One of the largest and the best zoos in Asia, the Nehru Zoological Park has nearly 1,500 species of animals, birds and reptiles. Situated in the Bahadurpura area on the way to the N G Ranga Agricultural University in Rajendranagar, the zoo is ahead of Afzalgunj, the Osmania General Hospital and the High Court of AP. The popular ones among the different species are white peacocks, mynahs, chimpanzees and rhinoceros. The major attraction within the zoo, however, is the Lion Safari. A van barbed with wrought iron takes you through the gates of the safari — opening one gate at a time — into a completely different world of wild animals where lions, tigers, rhinos, wild oxen, panthers, etc. are left freely in the wilderness of a simulated jungle. Apart from the animals, a nocturnal zoo, the pre-historic dinosaur park, a natural history museum, parks, a mini-train and animal rides make the place ideal for a picnic. The nocturnal animals and the reptiles form a particularly interesting part of the whole.
Other Important Places
A Rajagopuram built in the South Indian style greets the visitors. The tower over the main shrine of Venkateswara called the "Jagadananda Vimanam" is built in the Orissan style, while the towers over the shrines of the consorts are built in the South Indian style. Thus Birla Mandir displays a mixture of architectural styles. The granite image of the presiding deity is about 11ft tall and a carved lotus forms an umbrella for this image. There are several carvings in marble, in the adjoining 'Mukha Mandapam' - depicting scenes from Indian mythology. The brass flagstaff rises to a height of 42ft. The consorts of Venkateswara, 'Padmavati' and 'Andal' are housed in separate shrines. The Birla Mandir presents an arresting sight when illuminated in the evening.
Close to the Birla Temple stands the grand structure of the B M Birla Planetarium. It’s one of the few technically advanced and modern science planetariums in the country and a place of pride for the Hyderabadis. The shows give you the feeling of actually being 'out there'.
Located about 25 km. from the heart of Hyderabad city is the picturesque Sanghi Nagar. Seen from several kilometers away is the Sanghi Temple complex with its 15 ft. tall sacred Raja Gopuram. The aura of divinity and the verdant slope around the temple complex is panoramic and breathtaking. This beautiful temple complex atop the hillock Paramanand Giri beckons the faithful devotees who seek God's infinite blessings.
Shilparamam is an arts and crafts village set up in an area spanning 30 acres of land. The place is famous for its annual festivals and bazaars. It provides ample space for the artistes and artisans from across the country to meet at one place to exchange their views with each another and also with customers.
(Hyderabad Information Technology Engineering Consultancy) Hyderabad is called as the second Silicon Valley in India after Bangalore. Hyderabad has a Software Technology Park with leading industries like Intergraph, UUNET, TCS, Wipro, Baan, Satyam, Park International, etc. HITEC City is spread across 151 acres of land for commercial development and has the best facilities and amenities, enabling hassle free IT operations.