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Social Movements and Resistance in India by Madhuresh Kumar

by Madhuresh Kumar

National Organizer for National Alliance For People's Movements (NAPM) ? India
(An alliance of 250+ people's organizations across India)

Since the 1990s a new wave of 'modernization' is under progress in the name of liberalizing the Indian economy which would remove the chains shackling the Indian tiger, as claimed by the ruling classes. The progress on the social fronts made till now has come under severe attack.

This process of neo-liberal globalisation has since then led to great churning and political upheaval among some sections of society, especially the most marginalized. They are now refusing to live by oppression, inequality and staking claims like never before.

These ripples of protest, resistance to designs of ruling classes
coupled with capital, national and international, is built on the wave of new social movements started with the periodof Indian Emergency in the '70s. In some ways, the liberalization of ideas, political principles, human rights ideals and a vision for the equitable and less consumption-based society and development started in that period.
The period saw the convergence of different political tendencies :
socialists, Gandhians, Marxists Leninist, Amdekarites and others,
giving birth to women's movements, environmental movement, new labor movement, appropriate technology movement and seeds of urban movement.
These movements challenged the established political forms of
nationalism, developmentalism and pushed for an identity politics like never before and the question of dignity acquired a new significance.

Madhuresh Kumar is National Organizer of National Alliance of People's
Movement (NAPM) in India. NAPM is an alliance of 250+ people's
movements across India who are dealing with rights issues and
Website -



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