Announcing a new Meetup for Conflict Solutions International (London) - the Meetup!
What: June Meetup
When: Monday, June 28,[masked]:00 PM
[masked] High Holborn, WC1V 7HP
London WC1V 6
Hi fellow international relations advocates,
This month I would like to explore and discuss with you the role of the European Common Foreign and Security Policy
- What are its aims?
- Do you think it can enable Europe to speak and act as one?
- Evaluating responses to issues within Europe (for example Cyprus, Greek economic/banking crisis, agricultural policies, etc) can it be creditable at all?
- Where do you think has (can) CFSP influence/engagement been (be) successful / where not?
- What are the advantages & disadvantages for Europe, European nations, internationally?
Looking forward to a fruitful discussion.
Please find some information about CFSP below:
In parallel with its growing economic power, the EU has created its own foreign and security policy. This enables it to speak ? and act ? as one in world affairs.
The Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) was created by the Maastricht Treaty, which entered into force in 1993 and provided the institutional framework for the shaping and implementation of all the aspects of the common foreign and security policy of European Union Member-States.
In 1999, EU leaders agreed upon a common European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) within the overall framework of the CFSP to develop capacities to undertake security-related operations, such as peacekeeping, monitoring and conflict prevention. Since 2003, some dozen ESDP operations have been launched and the peacekeeping forces from Member States under the EU flag have been deployed, for example, in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in the Republic of Congo.
In 2009, the Lisbon Treaty brought about huge changes to the CFSP. First, it combined the roles of 'High Representative for the CFSP' and the 'External Affairs Commissioner' to create a single EU Foreign Policy post of High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. The position is currently held by the UK's Catherine Ashton. Secondly, it created a new European External Action Service (EEAS) which will bring the previous EU's diplomatic missions together under the authority of the new High Representative. Thirdly, the Lisbon Treaty changed the way ESDP decisions are made. Previous decision were ultimately made by member states in the Council of the European Union (each state had a veto), but the Lisbon Treaty increased the use of Qualified Majority Voting, which reduced the number of areas in which the veto can be used. Crucially, decisions on military or defence issues must still be unanimous.
According to the Lisbon Treaty, the CFSP has the following fundamental goals:
1) To safeguard its values, fundamental interests, security, independence and integrity
2) To consolidate and support democracy, the rule of law, human rights and the principles of international law
3) To preserve peace, prevent conflicts and strengthen international security, in accordance with the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter, with the principles of the Helsinki Final Act and with the aims of the Charter of Paris, including those relating to external borders
4) To foster the sustainable economic, social and environmental development of developing countries, with the primary aim of eradicating poverty
5) To encourage the integration of all countries into the world economy, including through the progressive abolition of restrictions on international trade
6) To help develop international measures to preserve and improve the quality of the environment and the sustainable management of global natural resources, in order to ensure sustainable development
7) To assist populations, countries and regions confronting natural or man-made disasters
8) To promote an international system based on stronger multilateral cooperation and good global governance.
Arguments about CFSP
? The CFSP is an effective way of enhancing security around the EU by emphasising shared goals and values.
? Co-operating on foreign policy gives countries a louder voice on the world stage.
? Pooling diplomatic and defence resources allows members to save money because they can share know-how and hardware.
? The EU should not 'go it alone' but maintain traditional links with the USA through NATO and the UN.
? Setting foreign policy is one of the most important jobs of a national government. Un-elected European officials should not be given this power.
? Member states find it very difficult to agree on foreign and security policy, so the CFSP can only ever have limited effectiveness.
? CFSP allows some countries to do less about their security because they can ride on the back of more powerful countries, like the UK or France.
Learn more here:http://www.meetup.com/intlrel-95/calendar/13828616/