Re: [portuguese-258] Architect Oscar Niemeyer

From: Paulo T.
Sent on: Saturday, December 8, 2012 6:14 PM
Hi todos!
VEJA magazine of this weekend brought an article about Niemeyer – a few things that I extracted from the article and that may be interesting for you:
-Niemeyer was inspired by Le Corbusier, the famous French (and Swiss) architect – during the same time, a famous American architect, Frank Lloyd Wright was also shining (Casa da Cascata, Pensilvania 1939, anyone knows about this house?). Niemeyer defended the idea that a building should the designed independent from the environment where it is located, as the environment will change as the time goes by, while Wright defended the idea that a building was a live organism and should be developed from the environment where it is, the present environment.
-Niemeyer came to the US several times but in the 1946 he had his visa denied because of his communist believes. He never changed his ideas.
-they say that he is from a time when a group of some Brazilians decided to make a country larger than Brazil – and that was Brasilia...
-Brasilia was supposed to be the city to house the “men of tomorrow”, the idealized human being that would inherit the world with the triumph of his egalitarian utopia.  The history took a diferent path, communism imploded and Brasilia became a city in which the powerful feel more equal than the rest of us.
 
I’m sure there are much more info available, just wanted to share these ones with you.
Have a great weekend.
Paulo
 
 
 
 
 
 
From: Maria
Sent: Friday, December 07,[masked]:27 PM
Subject: [portuguese-258] Architect Oscar Niemeyer
 

Oi amigos,

This summer, we had the delight to read and translate an informative article that Vanessa prepared about Brazilian Architect Oscar Niemeyer, considered as one of the key figures in the development of modern architecture.

Sadly, Niemeyer passed away Wednesday, December 5th 2012, ten days before his 105th birthday.

Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho, was born in Rio de Janeiro the 15th of December of 1907. Graduated from Brazil School of Fine Arts, worked at his father’s typography house, and throughout the 1940's and 1950's, became one of Brazil’s most prolific architects.

In 1956, Niemeyer designed a large number of residential, commercial and government buildings for Brasília, the new capital of Brazil. Part of his works were Pálacio da Alvorada, United Nations Headquarters, Edificio Copan, The House of the deputy, National Congress, Cathedral of Brasilia and many others.

In 1984 he designed the famous carnival block “Sambadrome”, where he attended Carnaval’s official opening, February 12th of this year.

In 1988, at age 81, Niemeyer was awarded the “Pritzker Architecture Prize” the most prestigious award in architecture. From 1992 to 1996 he was the president of the Brazilian Communist Party.

Niemeyer moved to Paris in 1966, opened an office on the Champs Elysées, and had customers  from diverse countries. He moved back to Brazil in 1985 at the return of democracy under the rule of João Figueiredo.

Niemeyer wrote in his memoirs:

“I am not attracted to straight angles or to the straight line, hard and inflexible, created by man. I am attracted to free-flowing, sensual curves.  The curves that I find in the mountains of my country, in the sinuousness of its rivers, in the waves of the ocean, and on the body of the beloved woman.  Curves make up the entire Universe, the curved Universe of Einstein”

For the information in Portuguese:

http://educacao.uol.com.br/biografias/oscar-niemeyer.jhtm

Maria

 





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