|Sent on:||Saturday, December 8, 2012 6:14 PM|
This summer, we had the delight to read and translate an informative article that Vanessa prepared about Brazilian Architect Oscar Niemeyer, considered as one of the key figures in the development of modern architecture.
Sadly, Niemeyer passed away Wednesday, December 5th 2012, ten days before his 105th birthday.
Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho, was born in Rio de Janeiro the 15th of December of 1907. Graduated from Brazil School of Fine Arts, worked at his father’s typography house, and throughout the 1940's and 1950's, became one of Brazil’s most prolific architects.
In 1956, Niemeyer designed a large number of residential, commercial and government buildings for Brasília, the new capital of Brazil. Part of his works were Pálacio da Alvorada, United Nations Headquarters, Edificio Copan, The House of the deputy, National Congress, Cathedral of Brasilia and many others.
In 1984 he designed the famous carnival block “Sambadrome”, where he attended Carnaval’s official opening, February 12th of this year.
In 1988, at age 81, Niemeyer was awarded the “Pritzker Architecture Prize” the most prestigious award in architecture. From 1992 to 1996 he was the president of the Brazilian Communist Party.
Niemeyer moved to Paris in 1966, opened an office on the Champs Elysées, and had customers from diverse countries. He moved back to Brazil in 1985 at the return of democracy under the rule of João Figueiredo.
Niemeyer wrote in his memoirs:
“I am not attracted to straight angles or to the straight line, hard and inflexible, created by man. I am attracted to free-flowing, sensual curves. The curves that I find in the mountains of my country, in the sinuousness of its rivers, in the waves of the ocean, and on the body of the beloved woman. Curves make up the entire Universe, the curved Universe of Einstein”
For the information in Portuguese: