|Sent on:||Friday, February 1, 2013 6:54 PM|
Number of USDA Licensed Dog Breeders and
“Mega Mills” by State
Prepared by: Puppy Mill Awareness of Southeast Michigan
Pam Sordyl, [address removed] [masked]
Publication Date: 1/30/13
Data Sources: USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service and PetShopPuppies.org
The following ranking charts include the number of United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) active dog breeders and dealers with Class A and Class B licenses from 2011 - January 2013.
The 2007 – January 2013 charts include the number of all USDA certificate holders (Class A and B). Note, some certificate holders may not be dog breeders, rather they are raising other types of animals.
All charts indicate the industry is on the decline. The number of licenses not renewed year over year may be due to kennel closers related to the economy. Some operators may no longer be selling wholesale and may have switched to internet sales only, which does not require a USDA license. The overall demand for pet store puppies may be down due to overall awareness of puppy mills that supply the stores or the high pricing is no longer attractive in a poor economy.
There is no federal regulation of online breeders who sell directly to the public and no way of knowing how many are active. Some states like Indiana now register large-scale breeders after legislation was passed in 2010. Indiana now has 89 registered breeders as of December 2012 with over 20 female dogs and only 45 are licensed with the USDA. Michigan on the other hand, only licenses kennels at a county level. As of 2009, over 6,000 kennels were licensed and only three had USDA wholesale licenses.
USDA Dog Kennels by Size (“Mega Mills”)
This chart lists USDA dog kennels grouped by state with over 500 adult dogs (‘mega mills’) recorded as some point in time between 2007 and 2011. If the kennel is still active, the latest status and inventory numbers are included as of January 2013.