RICHARD II- William Shakespeare


The Earl of Essex, Robert Devereux

The play Richard II was used to motivate the attempted coup d'etat of the Earl of Essex in 1601 against Queen Elizabeth

By the beginning of 1601, the Earl of Essex and a group of supporters had determined to resolve his difficulties and to rid Elizabeth of corrupt counselors in one move. They planned to storm the Palace, arrest Essex's enemies, and proclaim, "Long live the Queen and after her, long live King James of Scotland, only legitimate heir to the English throne". 

To generate support for the rebellion amongst Londoners, Essex's supporters arranged for Richard II to be played the day before the rebellion. During Essex's trial, Augustine Phillipps, one of the principal actors in Shakespeare's company, gave this account of the transaction.

"He saith that on Friday last was sennight [a week ago] or Thursday Sir Charles Percy Sir Jocelyne Percy and the Lord Montague with some three more spake to some of the players in the presence of this examinate to have the play of the deposing and killing of King Richard the Second to be played the Saturday next promising to get them xls. [forty shillings]more then their ordinary to play it. Where this Examinate and his fellows were determined to have played some other play, holding that play King Richard to be so old and so long out of use as that they should have small or no Company at it. But at their request this Examinate and his fellows were Content to play it the Saturday and had their xls. more than their ordinary for it and so played it accordingly."

THE EARL OF ESSEX REBELLION

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Earl_of_Essex_Rebellion

http://historyindeed.wordpress.com/the-essex-rebellion/

http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/Documents/Essex_rebellion.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Devereux,_2nd_Earl_of_Essex

http://web.uvic.ca/~mbest1/ISShakespeare/Resources/Essex/default.html



Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton in prison in the Tower for his role in the plot of the Earl of Essex,1601. Southampton was deeply involved in the Essex rebellion in 1601, and in February 1601 was sentenced to death. Cecil obtained the commutation of the penalty to imprisonment for life. He was pardoned by James I. He was a major patron of William Shakespeare.

 On the eve of the abortive rebellion of Essex he had induced the players at the Globe Theatre to revive Richard II, and on his release from prison in 1603 he resumed his connection with the stage.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Wriothesley,_3rd_Earl_of_Southampton


Please bring a copy of the play, RICHARD II

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Also, if anybody has any problem finding TUPELO MEADOW in the RAMBLES of Central Park ahead of time, please email us...before hand so you do not get lost.

“No matter where; of comfort no man speak:
Let's talk of graves, of worms, and epitaphs;
Make dust our paper and with rainy eyes
Write sorrow on the bosom of the earth” 
― William ShakespeareRichard II

The real Richard II

“For God's sake, let us sit upon the ground
And tell sad stories of the death of kings;
How some have been deposed; some slain in war,
Some haunted by the ghosts they have deposed;
Some poison'd by their wives: some sleeping kill'd;
All murder'd: for within the hollow crown
That rounds the mortal temples of a king
Keeps Death his court and there the antic sits,
Scoffing his state and grinning at his pomp,
Allowing him a breath, a little scene,
To monarchize, be fear'd and kill with looks,
Infusing him with self and vain conceit,
As if this flesh which walls about our life,
Were brass impregnable, and humour'd thus
Comes at the last and with a little pin” 
― William ShakespeareRichard II

“Let's talk of graves, of worms, and epitaphs;
Make dust our paper and with rainy eyes
Write sorrow on the bosom of the earth,
Let's choose executors and talk of wills” 
― William ShakespeareRichard II


“This royal throne of kings, this sceptered isle, This earth of majesty, this seat of Mars, This other Eden, demi-paradise, This fortress built by Nature for herself Against infection and the hand of war, This happy breed of men, this little world, This precious stone set in the silver sea, Which serves it in the office of a wall Or as a moat defensive to a house, Against the envy of less happier lands,--This blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England.” 
― William ShakespeareRichard II

“Thus play I in one person many people, 
And none contented: sometimes am I king; 
Then treasons make me wish myself a beggar, 
And so I am: then crushing penury 
Persuades me I was better when a king; 
Then am I king'd again: and by and by 
Think that I am unking'd by Bolingbroke, 
And straight am nothing: but whate'er I be, 
Nor I nor any man that but man is 
With nothing shall be pleased, till he be eased 
With being nothing.” 
― William ShakespeareRichard II

“You may my Glories and my State depose,
But not my Griefes; still I am King of those.” 
― William ShakespeareRichard II

“I'll give my jewels for a set of beads,
My gorgeous palace for a hermitage,
My gay apparel for an almsman's gown,
My figured goblets for a dish of wood,
My scepter for a palmer's walking staff
My subjects for a pair of carved saints
and my large kingdom for a little grave.” 
― William ShakespeareRichard II

“Woe, destruction, ruin, and decay; the worst is death and death will have his day.” 
― William ShakespeareRichard II

“Discharge my followers; let them hence away,
From Richard's night to Bolingbrooke's fair day.” 
― William ShakespeareRichard II

Patrick Stewart as John of Gaunt

“My dear, dear Lord,
The purest treasure mortal times afford
Is spotless reputation; that away
Men are but gilded loan or painted clay...
Mine honor is my life; both grow in one;
Take honor from me, and my life is done.” 
― William ShakespeareRichard II

“No deeper wrinkles yet?
Hath sorrow struck
So many blows upon this face of mine
And made no deeper wounds?” 
― William ShakespeareRichard II

John Gielgud at the Vic as RICHARD II

“Keep time! How sour sweet music is when time is broke and no proportion kept! So is it in the music of men's lives. I wasted time and now doth time waste me.” 
― William ShakespeareRichard II

“Things sweet to taste prove in digestion sour.” 
― William ShakespeareRichard II

“Not all the water in the rough rude sea
Can wash the balm from an anointed King;” 
― William ShakespeareRichard II

Richard II meets the Peasant Revolt,1381

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peasants'_Revolt

The Historical Richard II

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_II_of_England

Richard II-background to the play

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_II_(play)

http://www.william-shakespeare.info/shakespeare-play-king-richard-ii.htm

http://www.peterjponzio.com/Stories,%20essays/Richard%20II,%20A%20Cautionary%20Tale%20of%20Improper%20Forms%20of%20KIngship.pdf

The Life and Death of Richard the Second

http://shakespeare.mit.edu/richardii/full.html

Richard II- BBC version of the play

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KdhoF4VXDZM





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