The intent here is to address legal justice issues and not general economic or social justice. Within the legal justice domain (criminal or civil) we include matters of human physical harm or loss of resources/property caused by another human entity.
Just - having a basis in or conforming to fact or reason; conforming to a standard of correctness; acting or being in conformity with what is morally upright or good; merited; legally correct; faithful to an original (archaic).
Justice - the maintenance or administration of what is just especially by the impartial adjustment of conflicting claims or the assignment of merited rewards or punishments.
Fair - free from bias, dishonesty, or injustice; legitimately sought, pursued, done, given, etc.
Retribution - requital according to merits or deserts, especially for evil; something given
or inflicted in such requital; Theology: the distribution of rewards and punishments in a future life.
Revenge - to avenge (as oneself) usually by retaliating in kind or degree; to inflict injury in return for.
Requital - a repayment or return or reward to (a person, group, etc.) for service, benefit, kindness, etc.; retaliation on (a person, group, etc.) for a wrong, injury, etc.; avenge; something given or done as repayment, reward, punishment, etc., in return.
Just deserts – that which is deserved. [The expression … was originally just deserts. The phrase is the last refuge of an obsolete meaning of desert—namely, something that is deserved or merited. But because most modern English speakers are unfamiliar with that old sense of desert, the phrase is often understandably written just desserts.]
Retributive justice - a theory of justice that considers punishment, if proportionate, to be the best response to crime. When an offender breaks the law, s/he thereby forfeits or suspends her/his right to something of equal value, and justice requires that this forfeit be enacted. Retribution should be distinguished from vengeance. Unlike revenge, retribution is directed only at wrongs, has inherent limits, is not personal, involves no pleasure at the suffering of others, and employs procedural standards. (R. Nozick, Retributive Perspective of Justice <See Items 7-10 of Willey paper>; Wikipedia)
Candidate for moral principal in most systems: It is immoral/unethical to use another person to satisfy one’s needs or desires.
Some terms/expressions to explore: Purpose of rule/law, punishment and deterrence, social deficits and rehabilitation, positive incentives/rewards, eye for an eye…, victims rights, pain and suffering (victim or third party), genocide, vigilante justice, enforcement institutions, hate crimes, hate speech, sentencing guidelines, three strikes…, variations in laws and punishments across cultures, capital punishment, treble damages, sending message [also poster child] (through prosecutions or sentencing), eminent domain, usury in crises [Sandel], biblical Solomon, heaven and hell, rush to blame, legislative opportunities [precipitated by deleterious social events], lawyers as legislators, trial theater, validity of jury judgements, plea bargaining, guilt through knowledge (conspiracy), punishing omissions (capacity), mythical majority, …
East German comment at beginning of re-unification: “We wanted justice and we got the rule of law.”