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Charlotte Philosophy Discussion Group Message Board › What makes for a fair and just society?

What makes for a fair and just society?

Cosmo
Cosmo_Myers
Charlotte, NC
Post #: 43
Brainstorm: What makes for a fair and just society?
1. What is fairness and justice? And how do these change in different circumstances?
2. Philosophers generally analyze justice and fairness into procedural justice, i.e. abiding by a contract; and distributive fairness, e.g. equal distribution of resources. Procedural justice can be by utilitarian values, i.e. justice to maximize the overall social welfare, or by retributive values, i.e. the criminal should be punished commensurate with the crime - as an individual – not in terms of overall social welfare.
3. Those interested in justice and fairness are far fewer than those who act out of self interest.
4. Democracy can handle fairness and justice; but politics can’t.
5. Society might profess to equality; but the leaders should be superior.
6. Fairness and justice are expectations we as individuals have about society; and society has about its individuals. They are key ingredients that allow society to be built to maximize the potential of individuals; and individuals to be developed that will maximize the potential of society.
7. Fairness and justice are pathways to evolve beyond hierarchical control.
8. Nature is not fair or just. To build a society that is, will have to overcome nature’s tendencies.
9. Evolution selects the fittest, which results in an unequal playing field. But government should rise above that and be fair.
10. Society depends on culture and circumstance. If the culture is communal; then society will be communal. If culture is survival of the fittest; then society will be survival of the fittest.
11. Justice is the law that protects your possessions from others. It is a cultural agreement.
12. Republicans want money. Democrats want votes. Government should maximize a middle class.
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