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Read The Book (Judges)

Judges is named after an interesting collection of individuals who led Israel after Joshua’s death until the rise of the monarchy under Samuel (up to about 1050 b.c.). 

During this time of national decline, despite their promise to keep the covenant (Josh. 24:16-18) the people turned from the Lord and began to worship other gods.

“Everyone did what was right in his own eyes” (17:6; 21:25).

A pattern repeats throughout the book:

 1) the people abandoned the Lord; 2) God punished them by raising up a foreign power to oppress them; 3) the people cried out to God for deliverance; and 4) God raised up a deliverer, or judge, for them. The author of the book is unknown, although some Jewish tradition ascribes it to Samuel.

Outline of Book of Judges

A. The Condition of Israel Under the Judges - 1:1 - 3:6

1. Israel's Failure to Drive Out All the Inhabitants - 1:1 - 2:5
2. Summary of Israel Under the Judges - 2:6 - 3:6

B. The Judges of Israel - 3:7 - 16:31

1. Othniel (1st Judge) 3:7-11 
2. Ehud (Left-Handed Judge) 3:12-20 
3. Shamgar (Ox-Goad Judge) 3:21-30 
4. Deborah (Woman Judge) 4:1 - 5:31 
5. Gideon (Mighty Man of Valor) 6:1 - 8:32 
6. Abimelech (Bramble King) 8:33 - 9:57 
7. Tolah (Son of Puah, Son of Dodo) 10:1-2 
8. Jair (30 sons, 30 colts, 30 cities) 10:3-5 
9. Jephthah (Rash Vow Judge) 10:6 - 12:7 
10. Ibzan (30 sons, 30 daughters) 12:8-10 
11. Elon (Zebulunite Judge) 12:11-12 
12. Abdon (40 sons, 30 grandsons, 70 donkeys) 12:13-15 
13. Samson (Strongest Man Judge) 13:1 - 16:31

C. Events Demonstrating the Sinfulness of Israel - chapters 17 - 21

1. The Sins of Micah the Ephraimite - chapter 17 
2. The Sins of the Tribe of Dan - chapter 18 
3. The Crime in Benjamin at Gibeah and its Punishment - chapters 19 - 21




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