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GCNC Monthly Meeting

Join us for our monthly meeting and get to know you fellow Nature Club members, with guests always welcome.

Program: Iron
Presenter: Karl Anderson

Iron is the fourth most abundant element of the Earth's crust - after oxygen, silicon, and aluminum.  Iron was first produced from its ores about 3,500 years ago, in the near East.  It's influence on the cultures of the time was profound.

New Jersey was a major iron producing area for about a hundred years, starting in the middle of the 18th century.  The iron industry set the pattern of settlement of our state, and had effects on the environment that are still seen today.

Following the history of iron starting in 10,000 BC, through the Copper Age and Bronze Age, the introduction the bloomery and blast furnace, then on to the iron industry in New Jersey - and it's eventual collapse.


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