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Racism is almost unanimously rejected in today’s culture. But are its roots properly understood? Is it a political inclination, a desire for the preferential treatment of one group, perhaps even a valid one, if demanded in response to injustices committed against members of that group?
While public discourse on the subject, on the rare occasions when it goes beyond the mere accusation of racism, seems to stop with the branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of a just society, the issue of racism belongs in the study of the nature of man. As a form of determinism, racism denies free will, and replaces it with genetic and biological aspects of our identity, which we do not choose.
Beyond merely expressing general opposition to it, Ayn Rand identified why racism is wrong, and presented a clear, reality based alternative to it, and to other forms of collectivism: individualism.
Her essay on the subject is available here.