"The Is-Ought Gap"

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"It is only an ultimate goal, and end in itself, that makes the existence of values possible. Metaphysically, life is the only phenomenon that is an end in itself: a value gained and kept by a constant process of action. Epistemologically, the concept of “value” is genetically dependent upon and derived from the antecedent concept of “life.” To speak of “value” as apart from “life” is worse than a contradiction in terms. “It is only the concept of ‘Life’ that makes the concept of ‘Value’ possible.” Ayn Rand, The Objectivist Ethics

Since David Hume first argued that connections can't be made between descriptive and prescriptive statements, philosophers have, for the most part, been in agreement that values cannot be derived from facts. Ayn Rand disagreed with this view, and instead argued that in order for them to be compatible with human nature, moral principles need to have a foundation in reality.

In preparation for this discussion, we recommend reading/listening to the following:
https://courses.aynrand.org/works/the-objectivist-ethics/
https://www.theobjectivestandard.com/2009/05/is-ought-gap/
https://www.theobjectivestandard.com/2013/05/is-altruism-dichotomy/
https://www.theobjectivestandard.com/2018/07/facts-and-values-whats-the-connection/

The Meetup officially runs from 19:00-21:00, though we have the private dining room at The Crosswall from 18:00 until 23:00, so you're welcome to join us early and stay late. The restaurant serves great food at reasonable prices. You can find the menu here: https://static.designmynight.com/uploads/2017/05/Jamies-Minories-Food-Menu2.pdf

This discussion is sponsored by Ayn Rand Centre UK Platinum member George Grigoropoulos. If you would like to see more events like this, consider becoming a member of the ARCUK. Find out more and sign up here: https://aynrandcentre.co.uk/membership/