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"Baruch Spinoza" an introduction
Hello everyone for the May Thinkers Club we are going to read the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Introduction and brief biography and discussion of Spinoza a topic suggested by Jack liberman. The read is approximately twenty seven or so pages and can be found at the Link below. Spinoza is noted for his writings on ethics it should lead to a lively Thinkers Club Discussion. Baruch Spinoza born Benedito de Espinosa, Portuguese: 24 November 1632 – 21 February 1677, later Benedict de Spinoza) was a Dutch philosopher of Sephardi/Portuguese origin.[5] By laying the groundwork for the 18th-century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, including modern conceptions of the self and the universe, he came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy. Along with René Descartes, Spinoza was a leading philosophical figure of the Dutch Golden Age. Spinoza's given name, which means "Blessed", varies among different languages. In Hebrew, it is written ברוך שפינוזה‬. His Portuguese name is Benedito "Bento" de Espinosa. In his Latin works, he used Latin: Benedictus de Spinoza. Spinoza's magnum opus, Ethics, was published posthumously in 1677. The work opposed Descartes' philosophy on mind–body dualism, and earned Spinoza recognition as one of Western philosophy's most important thinkers. In the Ethics, "Spinoza wrote the last indisputable Latin masterpiece, and one in which the refined conceptions of medieval philosophy are finally turned against themselves and destroyed entirely". Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel said, "The fact is that Spinoza is made a testing-point in modern philosophy, so that it may really be said: You are either a Spinozist or not a philosopher at all." His philosophical accomplishments and moral character prompted Gilles Deleuze to name him "the 'prince' of philosophers." Spinoza was raised in a Portuguese Jewish community in Amsterdam. He developed highly controversial ideas regarding the authenticity of the Hebrew Bible and the nature of the Divine. Jewish religious authorities issued a herem against him, causing him to be effectively shunned by Jewish society at age 23. His books were also later put on the Catholic Church's Index of Forbidden Books. Spinoza lived an outwardly simple life as a lens grinder, turning down rewards and honors throughout his life, including prestigious teaching positions. He died at the age of 44 allegedly of a lung illness, perhaps tuberculosis or silicosis exacerbated by the inhalation of fine glass dust while grinding optical lenses. He is buried in the churchyard of the Christian Nieuwe Kerk in The Hague. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy link for this months read https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/spinoza/

Twinsburg Public Library

10050 Ravenna Road · Twinsburg, OH

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    Come join other local amateur philosophers the first Wednesday of each month from 7-9pm as we explore the answers to life’s most profound questions at The Thinkers’ Club. Modeled on the Socrates Café concept, the Thinkers’ Club is a reading and discussion group intended to provide a fun, non-judgmental forum to discuss and debate philosophical topics with other critical thinkers. The group will read primary and secondary sources in the history of philosophy as well as in fiction, history, politics, religion, art, culture, sociology, psychology, etc. that generate philosophical inquiry. The Thinkers' Club will be run democratically and all readings will be selected by the group. Don't hesitate to attend if you can't find the time to read; you'll still be able to participate in the discussions. Members of all creeds, backgrounds, and walks of life are encouraged to attend. At the Thinkers' Club, we are of the opinion that philosophy is intended to explore - not dictate - views. On that note, bring an open mind and a friendly tolerance/respect for others' ideas.

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