This is a repeat of the meetup on this topic we did on October 9th. In order to give as many people as possible a chance, we request that those who attended the first meetup not RSVP until Wed. Nov. 30th - four days before the meetup date.
Original description follows:
At this meetup we will discuss the philosophy of ethics and morality. The major issue I want to consider is whether morality is ultimately based on reason (as Immanuel Kant believed) or emotion (as David Hume believed). Or if it's based on both, how do they compliment each other?
I also want to discuss the concept of Utilitarianism, as put forth by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill, as well as Aristotle's virtue-based ethics.
We can also consider the question of whether belief in free will is essential to morality.
If we have time, we can touch on Nietzche's controversial concept of the "master" and "slave" moralities.
But I'd like to focus mostly on the ideas as put forth in the short videos below. It may look like a lot of videos, but the total time for all of them combined is less than 40 minutes.
An overview of Aristotle's virtue-based ethics:
A series of three short videos examining utilitarianism. All three of them should play automatically in succession. If not, there is a link for part 2 that pops up at the end of part 1, and a link for part 3 that pops up at the end of part 2:
Despite the somewhat amateur quality of the narration, this is an excellent overview of Hume's ethical theory:
And here is a very brief excerpt from the encyclopedia of philosophy on the same thing. Scroll down to "7. Moral theory" if the link doesn't take you right there.
A guide to Kant theory of the good will and the categorical imperative: