Robert J. Chandler graduated from the University of California, Riverside, with a PhD on “The Press and Civil Liberties in California during the Civil War, 1861-1865. Broadening his interest in California history to finance, mining, numismatics, philately, commerce, and transportation, he spent 32 years as the senior research historian for Wells Fargo Bank in the History Department. Public speaking and exhibit design came along too. He has written a history of California (2004), an Arcadia volume on Wells Fargo (2006), while the University of Oklahoma Press will publish his book on black San Francisco lithographer Grafton Tyler Brown, active 1860-1882. His favorites are short pungent articles. He has written over 50 of them, incorporating his collection of documents and illustrations. Some for the California Territorial Quarterly have won awards.