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Engineers Unite Message Board › Advanced Electrolysis Theory - White Paper

Advanced Electrolysis Theory - White Paper

Russell P.
Russell_Philips
Phoenix, AZ
Post #: 2
White Paper
The Advanced Electrolysis Theory


There is a problem with our standard electrolysis theory.

Pure water (h2O) does not electrolyze.

Something else is going on!

How does adding KOH allow electrolysis to occur?

A new theory is required.

There is no theory in general knowledge that explains and satisfies our observations.

We submit: The Advanced Electrolysis Theory.

A reactive metal (K) is electroplated, and a secondary chemical reaction splits the water.



Electrically, we pay for and break the KOH bond.

We electroplate the reactive metal potassium (K) onto the negative plate,

The (OH-) is attracted by and travels towards the positive plate.

Somehow, the (OH-) is split and deposits the Oxygen atom onto the positive plate.

The Hydrogen atom is attracted back towards and deposits onto the negative plate.

The primary reaction is left in this state.



A secondary chemical reaction occurs.

The highly reactive potassium that was deposited on the negative plate reacts CHEMICALLY with water.

The potassium (K) splits the H2O and forms KOH, displacing a hydrogen atom.

The hydrogen atom deposits on the negative electrode.

The secondary chemical reaction is left in this state.

It required no electric power.


Two Hydrogen atoms eventually bond on the negative plate, forming gaseous H2.

H2 Bubbles form, grow, and release from the negative plate.

Two Oxygen atoms eventually bond on the positive plate, forming gaseous O2.

O2 Bubbles form, grow, and release from the positive plate.

Both reactions occur twice to create one O2 gaseous molecule.

Thus, two H2 gaseous molecules are created for each O2 gaseous molecule.

Twice as much hydrogen gas is produced as oxygen gas.


Associated facts:

In a device which consumes power, the cathode is NEGATIVE and in a device which provides power, the cathode is POSITIVE.

In the power consuming electrolysis cell, the negative electrode plate is the cathode, and the positive electrode plate is the anode.

H2 forms on the negative electrode plate, O2 forms on the positive electrode plate.

Output MMW rating (Milliliters/ Minute/ Watt) is a new and useful ratio for measuring cell efficiency.

On the periodic chart: H, Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Fr are in the same column.

These are known as the reactive metals.

Each descending element has a lower energy bond.

We have tested H2O, NaOH, KOH, & CsOH in the same cell and observed higher MMW outputs respectively.

A secondary chemical reaction will produce a nominal amount of heat.


Observations:

Pure water does not electrolyze.

Bubbles do not form in solution.

Hydrogen atoms collect and form hydrogen gas (H2) on the surface of the negative plate.

Oxygen atoms collect and form oxygen gas (O2) on the surface of the positive plate.

Hydrogen to Oxygen production ratio is 2-1.

Descending reactive metal electrolytes (lower energy bonds) score higher MMW outputs.

12 volt electrolysis overdrives two electrode plates, heating the cell into thermal runaway.

Nominal heat is still observed even with the highest efficiency voltage.




The Advanced Electrolysis Theory satisfies the above observations.


However, the latter part of the primary reaction is not well understood or explained.

How does the (OH-) split?

Does it have an energy cost?

Pure water does not split with nominal voltage, Why would the (OH-) group split with nominal voltage?

Perhaps it does, perhaps not and something deeper than advanced electrolysis is occurring.

We submit the advanced electrolysis theory with the hope that further inspection, perhaps by a chemical engineer, may bring a greater understanding to electrolysis and of nature's law.

We do not expect a quick explanation - please let our emails form a pathway for communication and study as we enroll others.

The scientific method is beautiful.

This white paper declares the advanced electrolysis theory into the public domain.

You have permission to forward this white paper to any who may appear interested in our greater understanding.

We create a new possibility for understanding and development by freely sharing this information.

Roy Wheeler (theory inventor)
Russell Philips (white paper author)
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