Notes on Printing and also on exhibit

From: Rae Lynn N.
Sent on: Monday, May 21, 2012 7:52 PM

Hello Ladies,  We had two great meetups on Sunday.  We learned about printing and also about Lightroom. We also covered a little information about the exhibit.  The following information is about the printing process as presented to us by Phil Bard. Thanks to Heidi, we have the information in this email. 


Today’s meeting opened with a discussion for the upcoming Exhibition.  The highlights are as follows:


The first photo to be submitted will not be reviewed by the panel and will automatically be accepted.  The deadline to submit your photo is June 30th.  Bring your photo to any meetup and include a completed cover sheet and $5 to cover expenses. Final printing at Cirrus will occur at a later date. To find the cover sheet click on Discussions then message board then group exhibit then cover sheet.


Additional photos deadline - to be submitted by July 21st.


A new album will be created for those who wish feedback and/or suggestions from members on whether or not they should submit their photo.


Pam Long suggests checking out the website for ideas on the type of photos to submit.  




Phil Bard, owner of Cirrus, introduced himself, discussed his background and how he became well known for his printing techniques. All his printers are Epson and all his inks are pigment based.  Since the paper "Silver Rag" is no longer being supported, all photos will be printed on Hahnemuhle's "Photo Rag Pearl".


Phil uses Photoshop as his editing program.  Although  his discussion of print preparation is based on using Photoshop, most information can also be found in  Lightroom and Aperture.  He is unsure whether the features are available in iPhoto.


He began by discussing color spaces. 

Pixel numbers in RGB (red, green, blue) reflect the intensity of the color.  One end of the spectrum is white and the opposite end is black. Open the info palette in your editing software which shows the RGB numbers. If the number is low, then it's a darker value. If the number is high, a lighter value. When numbers are equal, the color is pure red, green or blue.


The key is when you've edited your shot and are about to save it, be sure to check the box that says  Save Embed Color Profile. This assures that no matter who opens the picture, it will be seen in the same color that you see on your computer.


When shooting in Raw, there is no color space information as the camera is not processing the photos (jpeg shots have been processed by your camera). The software editing program will add the color space information.  Therefore, Always choose to edit in Adobe RGB 1998 as opposed to sRGB or CMYK.  Most printers can now read the adobe 1998 profile which allows for truer colors. If you shoot in jpeg, still use Adobe RGB 1998 or pro photo for colors processing.


Monitor Calibration

This is a critical step so there is consistency between what you see on your monitor and what the print will look like. Brightness control and color profile are what calibrating adjusts.  Watch out for lights reflecting into monitor including outside colors ie green tree reflected on your monitor,

Be sure to save your calibration profile. Avoid keeping your monitor too bright as your photo will not look like the print. Monitors that have Pre-Sets such as Mac desktops, choose Cinema Display setting. For LCD laptops, brightness is generally not included so you will have to adjust manually.  If you wish, color profiles for your camera can be used.

You can also set the default in photoshop to choose adobe RGB1998.


Pixels & Resolution

Image size

Document size is not same as computer width x hgt if dpi is 10.  The more you stretch out the photo, the larger the pixels (resolution will change).  The photos being submitted should have a  high resolution which is usually 300 dpi.  Website and email photos are typically  lower.  When under Image size, be sure to check off resample.  It's  better too have too much resolution vs less. If you need to increase your resolution, do so in 15% increments.


Bringing in photos to be Printed:

Once your editing is completed, flatten it (this condenses the editing steps).  Be sure to save as a copy because once a photo has been flattened, you cannot undo any of the editing steps.  Sharpen the print after choosing output size of file. Use unsharpen mask settings (recommends  after flatten shot, use radius 1 pixel threshold 0 can adjust amount usually no more than 100%). These numbers are for photoshop not other software.


Save your shots as either psd or tiff formats (preferably psd).  Do not save as a jpeg.  If you are using layers in your editing, save the photos as photoshop (if you can). Keep in mind that photos that are saved as a jpeg, loose quality.


Bring photos on either a jumpdrive or disk.


FYI beware that email may trash psd and tiffs unless the picture is a zipped file.





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