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Ar-Rahman, Ar-Raheem (“The Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.”)

From: Sahdi
Sent on: Saturday, July 14, 2012 2:23 PM

Salam,

 

I thought you will find this benefical as well.

 

If we look at the order of the words in this surah, we ask ourselves: why did Allah (swt) follow the first ayah (verse) “[All] praise is [due] to Allah, Lord of the worlds” with Ar-Rahman, Ar-Raheem “The Entirely Merciful, The Especially Merciful”? Ibn Uthaymeen stated that this is because Allah’s Lordship is based on mercy. When we read that He is the Lord of the worlds, a natural question comes up- what kind of Lord is He? He answers us in the following ayah:

 

1:3

“The Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful” (Qur’an 1:3).

 

The Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful

Many people who read Surat al-Fatiha will not know the difference between Ar-Rahman and Ar-Raheem. It is usually translated as “The Beneficent, the Most Merciful,” but most people who read that do not know the difference. A better translation would be “The Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.”

Amr Khaled, a famous lecturer from Egypt, explained the difference in the following way:

Ar-Rahman (The Entirely Merciful) is when Allah bestows His mercy upon all the creatures in this universe. Allah says:

21:42

“Say, “Who can protect you at night or by day from the Most Merciful?” But they are, from the remembrance of their Lord, turning away” (Qur’an 21:42).

However, Ar-Raheem (The Especially Merciful) is when Allah bestows His special mercy upon the believers only. For example, eating and drinking is a general mercy, while worshiping Allah in Ramadan is a special one.

 

And why did Allah follow Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem with “Sovereign of the Day of Recompense”? If it had been the other way around, our hearts would fill with dread. We would read that Allah is the Lord, and then that He will judge us on the Day of Judgment, knowing very well our own spiritual state. Yet the All-Merciful tells us of His attributes of mercy first, so that we fill with hope and not dread. The All-Merciful is the Sovereign on that day.

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