Whidbey Island Freethinkers Message Board › The astrological basis for the story of Jesus Christ
|A former member||
The astrological basis for the story of Jesus Christ
Here is a written summary:
HORUS an Egyptian god 3000 BC the holy ghost impregnates a virgin and a child -god is born on 25 Dec. this child is adorned by 3 kings who followed the star of the east (Sirus) , this child prodigy and teacher at age 12, baptized at age 30 began a ministry and traveled with 12 disciples and preformed miracles of walking on water and heeling the sick. After betrayal was crucified, buried for three days and resurrected. Horus was in conflict with Set, sun vs. dark, good vs. evil. as in "sunset". Horus as in "hour".
ATTIS a Greek god 1200 BC born of a virgin on 25 December, crucified entombed and after three days, resurrected.
MITHRA a Persian god 1200 BC born of a virgin on 25 Dec.
had 12 disciples, performed miracles, on HIS death was buried for three days and was resurrected. Called "The truth" and "the light". The sacred day of worship was Sunday.
KRISHNA an Indian god 900 BC with the signaling of the star of the east of HIS coming was born of a virgin. He performed miracles with HIS disciples. On his death was resurrected.
DIONYSUS a Greek god 500 BC born of a virgin on 25 December
performed miracles and called the "King of Kings" and "Alpha and Omega" upon HIS death was resurrected.
astrological data: three bright stars called the three kings align with the star, Sirus and point to the place on earth where the sun rises on the 25 of Dec
On the winter solstice, 21 or 22 December, for three days the sun rise appears not to move, that is, the sun sets in the same place on the horizon. On the 25th there is a one degree of movement to the north on the horizon of the sunset, indicating the coming of warmer days/spring Also on 22 Dec. the stars called the Southern Cross line up with the sunset. One could say this star group is where the religious story of the death on the Cross came from. The death of the god on 22 Dec and resurrection on the 25th, after three days.
|A former member||
Easter - Oh give me a break
The Vernal Equinox has all over the ancient world, and from the earliest times, been a period of rejoicing and of festivals in honor of the Sungod. It is needless to labor a point which is so well known. Everyone understands and appreciates the joy of finding that the long darkness is giving way, that the Sun is growing in strength, and that the days are winning a victory over the nights. The birds and flowers reappear, and the promise of Spring is in the air. But it may be worth while to give an elementary explanation of the astronomical meaning of this period, because this is not always understood, and yet it is very important in its bearing on the rites and creeds of the early religions.
These minor solar events were celebrated at the mid-point between each Equinox and Solstice and it may be that they were more readily accepted as Christian Holy Days because they did not have the Pagan stigma that the major solar events did.
This brings us to the most holy of all Christian Holy Days, Easter. Its origin again goes back to our ancient Pagan festivals of Spring. Even the name of for this Holy Day (at least among Northern European Peoples) comes from the German Eostara, a
Pre-Christian celebration of fertility and new life. Two of the time-honored symbols of Christian Easter are the colorfully decorated “Easter Egg”, a very obvious symbol of fertility, and “the Easter Bunny”, the most fertile of all God’s creatures. Is this not the perfect time of year to celebrate the resurrection or re-birth of a God?
The term Pagan is Latin in origin and was coined by the (Pagan) Romans to describe those simple country folk who worshipped the Old Gods as opposed to the official Roman ones. A similar term from Old English is Heathen used to describe the People of the Heath, again, those country folk who worshiped the Old Gods.
In Europe’s Middle Ages, when a resurgence of interest in our Pagan past threatened the Christian Church, the old country gods were demonized by the Church, eventually becoming the very definition of Evil. The Old God of the forest, the Satyr (known by many other names such as Pan, Cernunos, Robin Goodfellow, etc.) is transformed from a simple symbol of unbridled masculine energy, to become Shaitan himself, or Satan, a Deity of ultimate evil that guides the souls of men to evil. He is physically described with the exact features of the Satyr; half man, half goat with horns and cloven hooves. All that was left for the Church to add was a pointed tail and a pitchfork. Thus we have the first physical description of Satan, who was never described physically in the Torah, the Christian Gospels or the Quran.
By the time of Mohammad, the Christian Satan had been so sufficiently developed that the god form was fully embraced by Islam. It is easy to see why so much of Christian and Islamic History is full of violence toward other peoples, when we understand that, to this day, Christian and Islamic faithful see all of life as an eternal war against the forces of the Shaitan, and all “Pagans” as soldiers in His army (“Pagan” having long ago come to mean the same as “Infidel”, anyone who was not Christian or Islamic).
The Solar Year begins at the Winter Solstice with the birth of the Sun God, as the days begin to get longer and the Sun is in its waxing phase. As the Sun gets stronger, day-by-day, so does the Sun God, the Father God. He continues to grow stronger until the Summer Solstice when the length of each day, and therefore the power of the Sun God, begins to wane. At the Winter Solstice the whole cycle begins anew when the Old Solar God dies and a new Solar God is born. It was the perfect time of year to celebrate the birth of a new God and was declared (again, by Emperor Constantine in C.E. 325) to be the official birthday of Jesus, whose real birth date is nowhere given in the Christian Bible. Thus, it was the fate of the Christian Prophet and God to be forever entwined with the ancient Aryan God Mithra and his Roman counterpart Sol Invictus, the Unconquerable Sun. Virtually all of the modern symbols of Christmas, from the decorated tree to the red and green colors and even Santa Claus himself are Pagan and Pre-Roman in origin. Another remnant of the ancient Solar Deity at this time of year is the image of Old Father Time giving way to the New Year, symbolized by a Baby.
This is only the beginning of the Pagan year that was embraced by Christianity. Perhaps it would be more accurate to say that the Church began a deliberate program of Christianizing the Pagan festivals of the Sun Cycle in an attempt to win the hearts of Pagans to the new religion, knowing that the country folk would be hard pressed to give up their ancient ways.
|A former member||
At the time of the life or recorded appearance of Jesus of Nazareth, and for some centuries before, the Mediterranean and neighboring world had been the scene of a vast number of pagan creeds and rituals. There were Temples without end dedicated to gods like Apollo or Dionysus among the Greeks, Hercules among the Romans, Mithra among the Persians, Adonis and Attis in Syria and Phrygia, Osiris and Isis and Horus in Egypt, Baal and Astarte among the Babylonians and Carthaginians, and so forth.
All or nearly all the deities above-mentioned it was said and believed that:
1. They were born on or very near our Christmas Day.
2. They were born of a Virgin-Mother.
There is ample evidence that one of the very earliest objects of human worship was the Earth itself, conceived of as the fertile Mother of all things. Gaia or Ge (the earth) had temples and altars in almost all the cities of Greece. Rhea or Cybele, sprung from the Earth, was "mother of all the gods." Demeter ("earth mother") was honored far and wide as the gracious patroness of the crops and vegetation. Ceres, of course, the same. Maia in the Indian mythology and Isis in the Egyptian are forms of Nature and the Earth-spirit, represented as female; and so forth. The Earth, in these ancient cults , was the mystic source of all life, and to it, as a propitiation, life of all kinds was sacrificed. ...It was, in a way, the most natural, as it seems to have been the earliest and most spontaneous of cults--the worship of the Earth-mother, the all-producing eternal source of life, and on account of her never-failing ever-renewed fertility conceived of as an immortal Virgin.
1. And in a Cave or Underground Chamber.
2. They led a life of toil for Mankind.
3. And were called by the names of Light-bringer, Healer, Mediator, Savior, Deliverer.
4. They were however vanquished by the Powers of Darkness.
5. and descended into Hell or the Underworld.
6. They rose again from the dead, and became the pioneers of mankind to the Heavenly world.
7. They founded Communions of Saints, and Churches into which disciples were received by Baptism.
8. And they were commemorated by Eucharistic meals
Mithra was born in a cave, and on the 25th December. He was born of a Virgin. He traveled far and wide as a teacher and illuminator of men. He slew the Bull (symbol of the gross Earth which the sunlight fructifies). His great festivals were the winter solstice and the Spring equinox (Christmas and Easter). He had twelve companions or disciples (the twelve months). He was buried in a tomb, from which however he rose again; and his resurrection was celebrated yearly with great rejoicings. He was called Savior and Mediator, and sometimes figured as a Lamb; and sacramental feasts in remembrance of him were held by his followers. This legend is apparently partly astronomical and partly vegetational; and the same may be said of the following about Osiris.
Osiris was born (Plutarch tells us) on the 361st day of the year, say the 27th December. He too, like Mithra and Dionysus, was a great traveler. As King of Egypt he taught men civil arts, and "tamed them by music and gentleness, not by force of arms"; he was the discoverer of corn and wine. But he was betrayed by Typhon, the power of darkness, and slain and dismembered. "This happened," says Plutarch, "on the 17th of the month Athyr, when the sun enters into the Scorpion" (the sign of the Zodiac which indicates the oncoming of Winter). His body was placed in a box, but afterwards, on the 19th, came again to life, and, as in the cults of Mithra, Dionysus, Adonis and others, so in the cult of Osiris, an image placed in a coffin was brought out before the worshipers and saluted with glad cries of "Osiris is risen." "His sufferings, his death and his resurrection were enacted year by year in a great mystery-play at Abydos."
Hercules or Heracles was, like other Sun-gods and benefactors of mankind, a great Traveler. He was known in many lands, and everywhere he was invoked as Saviour. He was miraculously conceived from a divine Father; even in the cradle he strangled two serpents sent to destroy him. His many labors for the good of the world were ultimately epitomized into twelve, symbolized by the signs of the Zodiac. He slew the Nemaean Lion and the Hydra (offspring of Typhon) and the Boar. He overcame the Cretan Bull, and cleaned out the Stables of Augeas; he conquered Death and, descending into Hades, brought Cerberus thence and ascended into Heaven. On all sides he was followed by the gratitude and the prayers of mortals.
As to Krishna, the Indian god, the points of agreement with the general divine career indicated above are too salient to be overlooked, and too numerous to be fully recorded. He also was born of a Virgin (Devaki) and in a Cave, and his birth announced by a Star. It was sought to destroy him, and for that purpose a massacre of infants was ordered. Everywhere he performed miracles, raising the dead, healing lepers, and the deaf and the blind, and championing the poor and oppressed. He had a beloved disciple, Arjuna, (cf. John) before whom he was transfigured. His death is differently related - as being shot by an arrow, or crucified on a tree. He descended into hell; and rose again from the dead, ascending into heaven in the sight of many people. He will return at the last day to be the judge of the quick and the dead.
Such are some of the legends concerning the pagan and pre-Christian deities - only briefly sketched now, in order that we may get something like a true perspective of the whole subject; but to most of them, and more in detail, I shall return as the argument proceeds.
|A former member||
The Jesus-story, it will now be seen, has a great number of correspondences with the stories of former Sungods and with the actual career of the Sun through the heavens - so many indeed that they cannot well be attributed to mere coincidence There are (1) the birth from a Virgin mother; (2) the birth in a stable (cave or underground chamber); and (3) on the 25th December (just after the winter solstice). There is (4) the Star in the East (Sirius) and (5) the arrival of the Magi (the "Three Kings"); there is (6) the threatened Massacre of the Innocents, and the consequent flight into a distant country (told also of Krishna and other Sungods). There are the Church festivals of (7) Candlemas (2nd February), with processions of candles to symbolize the growing light; of (8) Lent, or the arrival of Spring; of (9) Easter Day (normally on the 25th March) to celebrate the crossing of the Equator by the Sun; and (10) simultaneously the outburst of lights at the Holy Sepulchre at Jerusalem. There is (11) the Crucifixion and death of the Lamb-God, on Good Friday, three days before Easter; there are (12) the nailing to a tree, (13) the empty grave, (14) the glad Resurrection (as in the cases of Osiris, Attis and others); there are (15) the twelve disciples (the Zodiacal signs); and (16) the betrayal by one of the twelve. Then later there is (17) Midsummer Day, the 24th June, dedicated to the Nativity of John the Baptist, and corresponding to Christmas Day; there are the festivals of (18) the Assumption of the Virgin (15th August) and of (19) the Nativity of the Virgin (8th September), corresponding to the movement of the god through Virgo; there is the conflict of Christ and his disciples with the autumnal asterisms, (20) the Serpent and the Scorpion; and finally there is the curious fact that the Church (21) dedicates the very day of the winter solstice (when any one may very naturally doubt the rebirth of the Sun) to St. Thomas, who doubted the truth of the Resurrection!
There was a mixture of paganism and Christianity, to make the changeover from paganism to nominal Christianity less controversial and more painless.
The idea of a 'trinity' of gods was widespread in paganism. The Egyptians had three main gods, Osiris, Isis and Horus. Horus was in turn divided into 3 parts or persons:
Horus - the King
Horus - Ra
Horus - the Scarabaeus.
Likewise the Hindu Vedas of around 1000 BC claimed that one God existed in three forms:
Agni - Fire, presiding over the earth
Indra - the Firmament, presiding over the mid-air
Surya - The Sun. presiding over the Heavens.
In later Hinduism, the 'trimurti' or trinity of gods became:
Brahma - the creative power
Vishnu - the preserving power
Siva - the transforming power.
So when Theophilus, bishop of Antioch introdcued the word 'trias' to Christian literature for the first time in AD170, and the word 'trinitas' was first used by Tertullian in AD200, they were importing pagan concepts which were familiar and had been for millenia.
Around AD8, Ovid published his collection of poems called Metamorphoses. They are full of tales of how gods descended to earth, incarnated as men, and then went back to Heaven. Jupiter and Mercury were supposed to have come to earth, unrecognized as men, and were supposedly entertained by Baucis and Philemon. These ideas were common in the first century
Remember that the trinity was adopted at the Council of Nicea in AD325. This Council was called by Constantine after he decided he wished to turn the official religion of the Roman empire from paganism to Christianity. Not long before that Council, Christians had been cruelly persecuted. Some of the delegates at that Council even bore on their faces and in their bodies the marks of that persecution. The pagans had [falsely] accused the Christians of making Jesus into a God whom they worshipped. Pliny had reported how they “chant antiphonally a hymn to Christ as to a god” (4). In the pagan Roman world, only the Jews refused to worship other gods on the basis that there was only one true God. The fact the Christians did the same led to the perception that they too thought that there was only one God, just that they called Him ‘Christ’. The Jews likewise wrongly assumed that anyone claiming to be the Son of God was claiming to be God (Jn. 10:33-36; 19:7)- even though Jesus specifically corrected them over this! As often happens, the perceptions of a group by their enemies often come to define how the group perceive themselves. Constantine was a politician and a warrior. He wasn’t a Bible student, nor a theologian, in fact he wasn’t even a very serious Christian (5). Although he accepted Christianity, he said he didn’t want to be baptized because he wanted to continue in sin. He seems to have figured that Christianity was the right thing for the empire. So, Christianity, here we come. Constantine, and many others who jumped on the ‘Christian’ bandwagon, shared the perception of Christ which had existed in the pagan world which they had grown up in. And the pagan perception, as Pliny and many others make clear, was that Jesus was a kind of God. And so when Constantine presided over the dispute amongst the bishops at Nicea about who Jesus was, he naturally assumed that the ‘Jesus is God Himself’ party were in fact traditional Christians.