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EDIBLE WEED WALKS and PLANT CLASSES Message Board › plant list of botanical names from Oct. 20 weed walk 2012 + foraging safey

plant list of botanical names from Oct. 20 weed walk 2012 + foraging safey tips

Cindy M.
user 9556327
Group Organizer
Nashville, TN
Thank you for attending.
We saw 14 plants and nuts today that we talked about.

Here is the list with botanical names and some notes. Sorry for mixed text, cut and pasted from various documents I have. See some internet links on some. List of foraging safety tips follow at end. Feel free to forward this email to a guest you brought (if you brought one... )
This will get you a good start on your plant studies and info accumulation on each plant. You can find recipes, and medicinal use on the internet and in books.

Poke weed, poke, poke salet Phytolacca americana
eat tender shoots boil in 3 changes of water to remove toxins after boiling  drain and
eat.  Folk medicine - extreme caution

dead nettle aka Hen bit Lamium amplexicaule salad addition or cooking greens. Leaves and flowering tops used since middle ages to stop bleeding on the inside and outside of bodies and as expectorant

Cranesbill Geranium sp. What we saw today maybe be doves foot or Gernaium molle, have to wait until it flowers.
Here is a webpage for this one http://www.juliasedib...­

gill over the ground  (AKA ground ivyGlechoma hederacea
(mint,eat galls, leaves to season, tea from fresh or dried leaves)

plantain Plantago Lanceolata L., Plantago major L. Young leaves good in salads or cooked. Strings in older leaves complicate cooking. (can cut up across ribs to cut strings and cook)  Medicine: Urinary tract infections, hepatitis, stings, bites and wounds

Red bud tree Cercis canadensis
blossoms, young seed pods for food

Cress Barbarea verna or Cardamine hirsuta  See wikipedia on both entries. There are jillion common names.
Closer study of the leaves may deternimne which this is... so are in the same family and have about the same medicinal attributes and cooking uses.

oxalis AKA sorrel (Oxalis species)
looks like light green clover leaves
leaves and seed pods raw in salads, Make lemonade from steeping leaves 10 minutes in water chill and sweeten. Avoid excessive consumption which can create kidney stones or inhibit calcium absorption in body

Taraxacum officinale (Dandelion): Newly opened blossoms can be eaten in salad, cooked in fritters or made into wine. Before the flowers appear, the leaves make excellent cooking greens. Dried leaves can be ground into powder and added to other food to increase nutrition. The roots can be dried and ground for a coffee substitute. Young fresh roots can be eaten in stir fries.


Medicinally, the bitter, white, sticky sap dabbed in problem areas may cure warts, corns, calluses, hard pimples, bee stings, old sores, and blisters. Just steeped warm wet blossoms can be placed on problem skin areas for 10 minutes, and the remaining water from steeping the blossoms can be wiped or splashed onto problem skin areas and left on overnight.


Fresh or dried leaves made into strong tea or used as a poultice can treat fever, swelling from injuries, bruising, mastitis, and weepy skin rashes. Drinking teas or eating the leaves helps normalize low blood pressure, poor circulation, diabetic edema, rheumatism and arthritis, premenstrual water retention, and cancers of breast, liver, and urinary organs.



May have been wild onions. Still Allium. eat underground bulb, tender leaves, if is garlic can eat above ground bulblets in additionally

Allium canadense or Allium vineale (Wild Garlic or Field Garlic): All parts can be eaten raw or cooked. Medicinally, the plant is anti asthmatic, laxative, and eases bloating and gas It is also an expectorant and stimulant. Tinctured, it is can prevent worms and colic in children, and is also useful as a treatment for croup.


gill over the ground  (AKA ground ivy) Glechoma hederacea
(mint,eat galls, leaves to season, tea from fresh or dried leaves)
MedicinalGlechoma hederacea (Ground ivy, Gill-Over-The-Ground or Creeping Charlie): This invasive, prolific plant 's leaves and galls can be used raw to spice up salads or brewed for tea. Medicinally, it is anti-allergenic, antibacterial, anti-flu, antihistaminic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiseptic, antispasmodic,antiviral, cancer-preventive, expectorant,immuno-stimulant, and sedative; the fresh juice or a medicinal tea is used to treat digestive disorders, gastritis, acid indigestion, and diarrhea. It is also beneficial for liver and kidney function, said to relieve gravel and stones. Ground Ivy tea or juice is well tolerated and can be given to small children. Not bad for a plant that can be obnoxiously prolific!


Plantago Lanceolata L. and Plantago major L. (plantain): Respectively, narrow leaf and big leaf plaintain. Young leaves are good in salads or cooked. Strings in older leaves complicate cooking, but you can cut them across the ribs to shorten the strings.


Medicinally, plantain helps treat hepatitis, urinary tract infections, stings, bites and wounds.


On the table inside was 2 nuts examples

black walnut Juglans nigra  edible ripe nuts, pickle immature hulls and nuts. Medicine, kill worms, ringworm, and more. See jhttp://www.livestrong...­


Hickory nut

see mother earth new article http://www.mothereart...­

Next two are poisonious

Crown vetch Securiga varia planted for erosion control and ground cover and for game bird seed. I didn't find anything on the internet that said it is good for people to eat. 

Jimson Weed (big purple trumpet shaped flower) Datura Stramonium see http://medplant.nmsu....­

JimsonWeed.htm (dangerous medicinal, remember more than one plant can usually be found that serve the same purposes in herbalism)



1. Be certain of identification. Do not taste a plant without knowing what it is.

It is best to confirm your observation with an experienced forager. Second best is reading botanical descriptions and cross-referencing at least 3 photographs or drawings from different authorities. Keep checking until you are absolutely positive. Some plants have poisonous look-similars. Misidentification may result in anything from digestive complaints, to difficulty breathing and death.

2. Be certain of which parts are edible.

3. Know if plants must be cooked to remove poisons or to make digestible. Eat small amounts to check for harmony with your body. Eat moderately. Consuming any plant too often or too much can lead to allergenic reactions or accumulation of otherwise negligible toxins.

When gathering fruits, know what stage of ripeness is edible, and how to identify the stage of ripeness.

4. Gather plants from areas free of animal feces or weed killers. Gather 20 feet or further from heavily traveled roads to avoid soil and plant contamination. Avoid gathering plants growing up against buildings, as the soil is probably contaminated with anything from old lead paint to termite poison.

5. When using plants for medicine, if you don't have an experienced herbalist to consult, check at least three different references for application of a specific plant to a specific condition and doses. Exceeding recommended doses is dangerous.

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