Next Meetup

ARE ALL HUMAN BEINGS CAPABLE OF EVIL? The Oxford English Dictionary defines evil as: Profound immorality and wickedness. What is your own definition of evil? At what point does wrong doing move into evil doing? Is evil a useful term? There are countless instances in history where profound suffering has been caused and justified by human beings. Do you think that particular circumstances have the potential to enable any one of us to justify evil behaviour to ourselves? Or do you think that some individuals are capable of evil while others are not? One school of thought that holds that no person is evil, and that only acts may be properly considered evil. Psychologist and mediator Marshall Rosenberg claims that the root of violence is the very concept of evil or badness. He contrasts this approach with what he found in cultures where the idea of evil was non-existent. In such cultures when someone harms another person, they are believed to be out of harmony with themselves and their community, are seen as sick or ill and measures are taken to restore them to a sense of harmonious relations with themselves and others. American psychiatrist M. Scott Peck, on the other hand, describes evil as militant ignorance. The original Judeo-Christian concept of sin is as a process that leads one to miss the mark and not achieve perfection. Peck argues that while most people are conscious of this at least on some level, those that are evil actively and militantly refuse this consciousness. Peck describes evil as a malignant type of self-righteousness which results in a projection of evil onto selected specific innocent victims (often children or other people in relatively powerless positions). Peck considers those he calls evil to be attempting to escape and hide from their own conscience (through self-deception) and views this as being quite distinct from the apparent absence of conscience evident in sociopaths. What is your view? *** “All concerns of men go wrong when they wish to cure evil with evil.” Sophocles “It is a man's own mind, not his enemy or foe, that lures him to evil ways.” Buddah “He who does not punish evil commands it to be done.” Aristotle “No one who, like me, conjures up the most evil of those half-tamed demons that inhabit the human breast, and seeks to wrestle with them, can expect to come through the struggle unscathed.” Sigmund Freud “What we call evil, it seems to me, is simply ignorance bumping its head in the dark.” Henry Ford “Love is the medicine of all moral evil. By it the world is to be cured of sin.” Henry Ward Beecher “Whatever is done for love always occurs beyond good and evil.” Friedrich Nietzsche “Those who forget good and evil and seek only to know the facts are more likely to achieve good than those who view the world through the distorting medium of their own desires. “ Bertrand Russell “If men were born free, they would, so long as they remained free, form no conception of good and evil.” Baruch Spinoza “If time is not real, then the dividing line between this world and eternity, between suffering and bliss, between good and evil, is also an illusion.” Herman Hesse “Good and evil do not exist for me any more. The fear of evil is merely a mass projection here and on Earth.” Hans Bender “There is no explanation for evil. It must be looked upon as a necessary part of the order of the universe. To ignore it is childish, to bewail it senseless.” W.Somerset Maugham “I have discovered that all human evil comes from this, man's being unable to sit still and quiet in a room alone.” Blaise Pascal “You know, if it turns out that there is a God, I don’t think that he’s evil. I think that the worst you can say about him is that basically he’s an under-achiever.” Woody Allen -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The Farm Tavern

13 Farm Road · Hove BN3 1FB

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What we're about

If you enjoy talking about the more important things in life you will love PIPs!

Philosophy in Pubs (PIPs) are a group of people who enjoy discussing their ideas and thoughts and learning from each other. No academic or formal background is necessary only a passion for enquiry.

We meet roughly every four weeks, currently trying out different days of the week, at the The Farm Tavern, Hove. Normally around 15 - 25 people attend. Groups consist of around 6/7 people and include a facilitator. The idea is for people to engage in dialogue without the constraints of a meeting agenda.

A donation of £1 is appreciated.

Respect for others and their opinions is a fundamental requirement of the group as it encourages people to put forward their ideas without fear of ridicule, intimidation or hidden agenda

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