Singapore Philosophy Group Message Board › Contingent existence Vs Necessary existence (For Tim Bunn)
A distinction between a God that either “exist necessarily” or “exist contingently ,” in my opinion is a dichotomy which is unjustifiable. For it to be justified, we have to input a few assumptions.
Lets say God existence is assumed.
Lets say God is semantically defined as an uncaused cause
Lets say God is singular
1) Being Is (B is) = The principle of Existence.
2) Being Is Being (B is B) = The principle of Identity.
3) Being Is not Nonbeing (B is Not Non B) = The P. of Noncontradiction.
4) Either Being or Nonbeing (Either B or non B) = The Excluded Middle.
5) Nonbeing Cannot Cause Being (Non-B>B) The Principle of Causality.
6) Contingent Being Can't Cause Contingent Being (Bc>Bc) Dependency.
7) Only Necessary Being Can Cause a Contingent Being (Bn->Bc) = The Positive Principle of Modality.
8) Necessary Being Cannot Cause a Necessary Being (Bn>Bn) = The Negative Principle of Modality.
9) Every Contingent Being is Caused by a Necessary Being (Bn->Bc) = The Principle of Existential Causality.
10) Necessary Being exists = Existential Necessity (Bn exists).
11) Contingent being exists = Existential Contingency. (Bc exists).
12) The Necessary Being is similar to the similar contingent being it causes = The Principle of Analogy (Bn-similar->Bc)
REVIEW: 1) I am here, 2) I am me, 3) I really exist, 4) I am not you, 5) I was caused, 6) I couldn't cause myself, 7) something is greater than me, 8) there is only one original, 9) everything was caused, 10) there is a first cause, 11) the first cause exists, 12) I'm similar to what caused me.
These First Principles above help us logically evaluate God and ourselves.
I know that I exist. I am here. (Numbers are coded to Logic above. #1)
I didn't make myself. (#11)
Nothing cannot cause something. (#5)
Only something prior to me could bring me here. (#7)
Therefore, I was caused to exist by something other than me (#1-4)
I am a rational, emotional and person.
Therefore, the one prior to me must also be rational, emotional since we are similar (#12)
The Necessary Being is essential and can't be unnecessary (#3)
Therefore, a Necessary Being exists.
A contingent being could not cause a contingent being (#6)
If God is semantically defined as an uncaused cause
Then it concludes that God is a necessary being.
Wonder if anyone has any views on this.
Edited by Hayden Huang on Dec 6, 2012 11:24 AM