Presenters: Dr Bahareh Rahmani, Computer Science Professor, Fontbonne University
Paul Morrison, student, Fontbonne University
The purpose of this retrospective study is to measure machine learning models' ability to predict glaucoma drainage device (GDD) failure based on demographic information and preoperative measurements. The medical records of sixty-two patients were used. Potential predictors included the patient's race, age, sex, preoperative intraocular pressure (IOP), preoperative visual acuity, number of IOP-lowering medications, and number and type of previous ophthalmic surgeries. Failure was defined as final IOP greater than 18 mm Hg, reduction in IOP less than 20% from baseline, or need for reoperation unrelated to normal implant maintenance. Five classifiers were compared: logistic regression, artificial neural network, random forest, decision tree, and support vector machine. Recursive feature elimination was used to shrink the number of predictors and grid search was used to choose hyperparameters. To prevent leakage, nested cross-validation was used throughout. Overall, the best classifier was logistic regression.